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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Superoxide Anion Radical: Generation and Detection in Cellular and Non-Cellular Systems

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Autor(es):
Chiste, Renan Campos [1] ; Freitas, Marisa [1] ; Mercadante, Adriana Zerlotti [2] ; Fernandes, Eduarda [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Porto FFUP, UCIBIO REQUIMTE, Dept Chem Sci, Fac Pharm, P-4050313 Oporto - Portugal
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Food Engn, Dept Food Sci, BR-13083862 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Current Medicinal Chemistry; v. 22, n. 37, p. 4234-4256, 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

The production of superoxide anion radical (O-2 center dot(-)) is essential for the life of aerobic organisms. This free radical acts as a signaling molecule, regulating numerous biological processes including apoptosis, aging, and senescence. Nevertheless, when overproduction of O-2 center dot(-) occurs and/or antioxidant defences are deficient, oxidative stress may develop, damaging important biomolecules and altering their physiological function. These effects have been associated to the development of several diseases. Scavenging of O-2 center dot(-) has been used as a hallmark to test the antioxidant capacity of several types of compounds in cellular and non-cellular systems. However, despite the pathophysiological importance of O-2 center dot(-), the information about its endogenous and/or chemical generation and detection is dispersed and there are no reports that concisely cover the information in an integrated form. This gap can explain the limitations attributed to the currently used systems, namely in what concerns the selectivity, specificity and validation. This review attempts to provide a critical assessment of the available O-2 center dot(-) generating and detection, both in endogenous and chemical systems, scrutinizing its advantages and limitations in order to facilitate the choice and implementation of the O-2 center dot(-) generator and/or detection method that better fits the researchers' objectives. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/15343-5 - Desenvolvimento e validação de metodologias para determinação da capacidade antioxidante de carotenóides frente às espécies reativas de oxigênio e de nitrogênio
Beneficiário:Renan Campos Chisté
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07914-8 - FoRC - Centro de Pesquisa em Alimentos
Beneficiário:Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs