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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Reduced Levels of Proteasome Products in a Mouse Striatal Cell Model of Huntington's Disease

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Dasgupta, Sayani [1] ; Fishman, Michael A. [1] ; Mahallati, Hana [1] ; Castro, Leandro M. [2] ; Tashima, Alexandre K. [3] ; Ferro, Emer S. [4] ; Fricker, Lloyd D. [5, 1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Albert Einstein Coll Med, Dept Mol Pharmacol, Bronx, NY 10461 - USA
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, BR-11330900 Sao Vicente, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biochem, Escola Paulista Med, BR-04023901 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Pharmacol, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Albert Einstein Coll Med, Dept Neurosci, Bronx, NY 10461 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 12 DEC 21 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

Huntington's disease is the result of a long polyglutamine tract in the gene encoding huntingtin protein, which in turn causes a large number of cellular changes and ultimately results in neurodegeneration of striatal neurons. Although many theories have been proposed, the precise mechanism by which the polyglutamine expansion causes cellular changes is not certain. Some evidence supports the hypothesis that the long polyglutamine tract inhibits the proteasome, a multiprotein complex involved in protein degradation. However, other studies report normal proteasome function in cells expressing long polyglutamine tracts. The controversy may be due to the methods used to examine proteasome activity in each of the previous studies. In the present study, we measured proteasome function by examining levels of endogenous peptides that are products of proteasome cleavage. Peptide levels were compared among mouse striatal cell lines expressing either 7 glutamines (STHdh(Q7/Q7)) or 111 glutamines in the huntingtin protein, either heterozygous (STHdh(Q7/Q111)) or homozygous (STHdh(Q111/Q111)). Both of the cell lines expressing huntingtin with 111 glutamines showed a large reduction in nearly all of the peptides detected in the cells, relative to levels of these peptides in cells homozygous for 7 glutamines. Treatment of STHdh(Q7/Q7) cells with proteasome inhibitors epoxomicin or bortezomib also caused a large reduction in most of these peptides, suggesting that they are products of proteasome-mediated cleavage of cellular proteins. Taken together, these results support the hypothesis that proteasome function is impaired by the expression of huntingtin protein containing long polyglutamine tracts. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/19321-9 - Caracterização proteômica e peptidômica dos venenos de aranhas brasileiras por espectrometria de massas
Beneficiário:Alexandre Keiji Tashima
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular