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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of exercise intensity and occlusion pressure after 12 weeks of resistance training with blood-flow restriction

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Autor(es):
Lixandrao, Manoel E. [1] ; Ugrinowitsch, Carlos [1] ; Laurentino, Gilberto [1] ; Libardi, Cleiton A. [2] ; Aihara, Andre Y. [3] ; Cardoso, Fabiano N. [3] ; Tricoli, Valmor [1] ; Roschel, Hamilton [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, BR-05508030 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Ctr Biol & Hlth Sci, Dept Phys Educ, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Diagnost Amer SA DASA, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY; v. 115, n. 12, p. 2471-2480, DEC 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 54
Resumo

Purpose We compared the effects of different protocols of blood-flow restriction training (BFRT) with different occlusion pressures and/or exercise intensities on muscle mass and strength. We also compared BFRT protocols with conventional high-intensity resistance training (RT). Methods Twenty-six subjects had each leg allocated to two of five protocols. BFRT protocols were performed at either 20 or 40 % 1-RM with either 40 or 80 % occlusion pressure: BFRT20/40, BFRT20/80, BFRT40/40, and BFRT40/80. Conventional RT was performed at 80 % 1-RM (RT80) without blood-flow restriction. Maximum dynamic strength (1-RM) and quadriceps cross-sectional area (CSA) were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks. Results Regarding muscle mass, increasing occlusion pressure was effective only at very low intensity (BFRT20/40 0.78 % vs. BFRT20/80 3.22 %). No additional increase was observed at higher intensities (BFRT40/40 4.45 % vs. BFRT40/80 5.30 %), with no difference between the latter protocols and RT80 (5.90 %). Exercise intensity played a role in CSA when comparing groups with similar occlusion pressure. Muscle strength was similarly increased among BFRT groups (similar to 12.10 %) but to a lesser extent than RT80 (21.60 %). Conclusion In conclusion, BFRT protocols benefit from higher occlusion pressure (80 %) when exercising at very low intensities. Conversely, occlusion pressure seems secondary to exercise intensity in more intense (40 % 1-RM) BFRT protocols. Finally, when considering muscle strength, BFRT protocols seem less effective than high-intensity RT. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/05320-6 - Dose-resposta da pressão de oclusão e intensidade do exercício sobre as adaptações morfológicas e neurais a um programa de treinamento de força
Beneficiário:Manoel Emílio Lixandrão
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado