Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Heterogeneity of Ratios at the Classical HLA Class I Genes over Divergence Time and Across the Allelic Phylogeny

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Bitarello, Barbara Domingues [1] ; Francisco, Rodrigo dos Santos [1] ; Meyer, Diogo [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Genet & Evolutionary Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Molecular Evolution; v. 82, n. 1, p. 38-50, JAN 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

The classical class I HLA loci of humans show an excess of nonsynonymous with respect to synonymous substitutions at codons of the antigen recognition site (ARS), a hallmark of adaptive evolution. Additionally, high polymporphism, linkage disequilibrium, and disease associations suggest that one or more balancing selection regimes have acted upon these genes. However, several questions about these selective regimes remain open. First, it is unclear if stronger evidence for selection on deep timescales is due to changes in the intensity of selection over time or to a lack of power of most methods to detect selection on recent timescales. Another question concerns the functional entities which define the selected phenotype. While most analyses focus on selection acting on individual alleles, it is also plausible that phylogenetically defined groups of alleles ({''}lineages{''}) are targets of selection. To address these questions, we analyzed how () varies with respect to divergence times between alleles and phylogenetic placement (position of branches). We find that for ARS codons of class I HLA genes increases with divergence time and is higher for inter-lineage branches. Throughout our analyses, we used non-selected codons to control for possible effects of inflation of associated to intra-specific analysis, and showed that our results are not artifactual. Our findings indicate the importance of considering the timescale effect when analysing over a wide spectrum of divergences. Finally, our results support the divergent allele advantage model, whereby heterozygotes with more divergent alleles have higher fitness than those carrying similar alleles. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/56502-6 - Seleção natural em genes MHC: um teste da variabilidade na taxa de seleção durante a diversificação molecular
Beneficiário:Bárbara Domingues Bitarello
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/12500-2 - Má-adaptação como subproduto da adaptação: um estudo em escala genômica
Beneficiário:Bárbara Domingues Bitarello
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/09127-8 - Evolução molecular e genética de populações de genes HLA
Beneficiário:Diogo Meyer
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular