Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Abundance, diet, foraging and nutritional condition of the banded butterflyfish (Chaetodon striatus) along the western Atlantic

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Liedke, Ana M. R. [1, 2] ; Barneche, Diego R. [3] ; Ferreira, Carlos E. L. [4, 5] ; Segal, Barbara [2, 4] ; Nunes, Lucas T. [2] ; Burigo, Ana P. [2] ; Carvalho, Jose A. [6] ; Buck, Sonia [2, 7] ; Bonaldo, Roberta M. [8] ; Floeter, Sergio R. [2]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Parana, Programa Pos Grad Ecol & Conservacao, BR-81531990 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Dept Ecol & Zool, BR-88010970 Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
[3] Monash Univ, Ctr Geometr Biol, Sch Biol Sci, Clayton, Vic 3800 - Australia
[4] Inst Coral Vivo, BR-45816000 Porto Seguro, BA - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Fluminense, Dept Biol Marinha, BR-24001970 Niteroi, RJ - Brazil
[6] Univ Algarve, Fac Ciencias Terra Mar & Ambiente, Campus Gambelas, P-8000 Faro - Portugal
[7] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Ciencias Ambientais, Rod Washington Luis, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Marine Biology; v. 163, n. 1 JAN 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

The feeding behaviour and diet plasticity of a given species are usually shaped by the relationship between species physiology and the quality and availability of resources in the environment. As such, some species may achieve wide geographical distributions by utilizing multiple resources at different sites within their ranges. We studied the distribution and feeding of Chaetodon striatus, the most widespread butterflyfish in the Atlantic, by assessing its density and foraging rates in eight sites enclosing 44 degrees of latitude. We also evaluated the relationship between fish density and foraging rates with nutritional condition and diet across study sites, and the gut length relative to body size. Density and foraging rates did not differ among studied sites. In 169 stomachs analysed, we found 52 different items (12-23 per site). Polychaeta and Cnidaria were the most important items in seven study sites. Therefore, C. striatus may be considered as a non-coral generalist feeder, as it feeds on a wide variety of items and substrata along the studied range, with no consistent selectivity pattern for foraging substratum across sites. Individuals from all sites but Salvador (NE Brazil) had similar RNA/DNA ratios, suggesting that C. striatus nutritional condition is similar along its extensive distribution. Our findings highlight the importance of assessing different sites within the distribution range of generalist butterflyfishes, and different variables, to a better comprehension of the feeding ecology of these species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/24432-4 - A formação de grupos de peixes difere entre recifes de coral dentro e fora de áreas protegidas?
Beneficiário:Roberta Martini Bonaldo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado