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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Soil physical quality response to sugarcane expansion in Brazil

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Autor(es):
Cherubin, Mauricio R. [1, 2] ; Karlen, Douglas L. [1] ; Franco, Andre L. C. [3] ; Tormena, Cassio A. [4] ; Cerri, Carlos E. P. [2] ; Davies, Christian A. [5] ; Cerri, Carlos C. [6]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] USDA ARS, NLAE, 2110 Univ Blvd, Ames, IA 50011 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Soil Sci, 11 Padua Dias Ave, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Colorado State Univ, Dept Biol, 200 West Lake St, Ft Collins, CO 80523 - USA
[4] Univ Estadual Maringa, Dept Agron, 5790 Colombo Ave, BR-87020900 Maringa, Parana - Brazil
[5] Shell Technol Ctr Houston, 3333 Highway 6 South, Houston, TX 77082 - USA
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, 303 Centenario Ave, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Geoderma; v. 267, p. 156-168, APR 1 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

Globally, the rate of land-use change (LUC) is increasing rapidly to support biofuel feedstock production. In Brazil, sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) expansion to produce ethanol is displacing degraded pastures. Intensive mechanization for sugarcane production, could impact soil physical quality in these areas. We evaluated a typical LUC sequence (i.e., native vegetation-pasture-sugarcane) on soil physical quality at three sites in the central southern region of Brazil.-The soil physical properties evaluated through on-farm and laboratory soil analyses were: bulk density, degree of compactness, macroporosity, microporosity and total porosity, water-filled pore space, indexes of soil water storage and aeration capacity, soil resistance to penetration, field-saturated hydraulic conductivity and stability structural index. Calculations of mean weight diameter for the soil aggregates and soil physical quality ratings from a visual evaluation of soil structure (VESS) were also included in this study. From those data we defined a minimum dataset for calculating an additive soil physical quality index (SPQI). Longterm conversion from native ecosystems to pasture increased soil compaction (i.e., higher bulk density, degree of compactness and resistance to penetration values), decreased aeration porosity and water hydraulic conductivity, and consequently, created an unbalanced ratio between water- and air-filled pore space in the soil. Based on our SPQI, the soil's capacity to perform its physical functions decreased from 90% under native vegetation to 73% under pasture. Land-use change from pasture to sugarcane induced slight soil physical quality degradation, in which soil function was 68 and 56% of capacity. Overall, soil physical quality decreased under sugarcane fields, due to decreases in soil porosity, aeration and water hydraulic conductivity as well as increases in soil penetration resistance, structural degradation and erosion risk. Tillage operations performed during the sugarcane replanting (similar to 5 years) had a short-term positive effect on soil physical quality, although over time it further decreased the resistance to erosion and structural degradation. Therefore, to convert degraded pasture to sugarcane in a sustainable manner, the soils should be managed in ways that increase the soil organic matter and minimize compaction. These actions are needed to prevent further soil physical quality degradation and to improve both economic and environmental sustainability of sugarcane ethanol production. (c) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/17581-6 - Qualidade do solo em áreas de mudança de uso da terra para cultivo da cana-de-açúcar no Centro-Sul do Brasil - bases para avaliação da sustentabilidade ambiental do etanol
Beneficiário:Maurício Roberto Cherubin
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/22510-8 - Macroinvertebrados e os processos de engenharia do solo: controles sobre a estocagem de matéria orgânica do solo em áreas com mudanças no uso da terra
Beneficiário:Andre Luiz Custodio Franco
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/16612-8 - Resposta de indicadores de qualidade do solo a mudança de uso da terra
Beneficiário:Maurício Roberto Cherubin
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado