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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dynamics of aboveground biomass accumulation in monospecific and mixed-species plantations of Eucalyptus and Acacia on a Brazilian sandy soil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Santos, Felipe Martini [1] ; Balieiro, Fabiano de Carvalho [2] ; dos Santos Ataide, Danilo Henrique [1] ; Diniz, Anderson Ribeiro [1] ; Chaer, Guilherme Montandon [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rural Rio de Janeiro, Inst Florestas, Dept Silviculture, Rodovia BR 465 Km 7, BR-23891000 Seropedica, RJ - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Solos, Rua Jardim Bot 1024, BR-22460000 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Agrobiol, Rodovia BR 465 Km 7, BR-23891000 Seropedica, RJ - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 363, p. 86-97, MAR 1 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

In this study, we hypothesized that a positive impact of Acacia trees when grown in mixed stands with Eucalyptus trees in N-deficient soil, leads to a higher biomass production in mixed stands relative to the monocultures. A randomized block design experiment was set up in a Brazilian Planosol to assess the dynamics of aboveground accumulation of monospecific Eucalyptus urograndis (Eucalyptus urophylla S. T. Blake x Eucalyptus grand's W. Hill ex Maiden), with or without nitrogen fertilization (E100 + N and E100, respectively), and Acacia mangium (A100) stands, and two arrangements of both species in mixed plantations (E50A50 and E100A100). The height (H), diameter at breast height (DBH), litterfall, and aboveground biomass production were measured over a full rotation. Our results partially confirm the initial hypothesis. Acacia showed limited competitive ability against Eucalyptus, which resulted in a stratified canopy in the mixed stands, with Eucalyptus dominating the top layer, especially in the E100A100 arrangement. The El 00A100 stand showed greater overall productivity compared with the El 00 stand and similar productivity relative to the E100 + N stand. The E50A50 arrangement produced taller Eucalyptus trees with a larger diameter than the monoculture, although the smaller population of Eucalyptus trees in this mixed stand resulted in an overall biomass production that was equal to or less than that of the monocultures E100 and E100 + N, respectively. However, the DBH growth rate of Eucalyptus trees in E50A50 showed no signs of stagnation up to 60 months, which is different from the other treatments. Consequently, the harvesting age of such stands can be extended, which allows for the production of Eucalyptus logs with greater value for the lumber market. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/16623-9 - Intensificação ecológica de plantações de eucaliptos pela associação com espécies leguminosas arbóreas fixadoras de nitrogênio
Beneficiário:José Leonardo de Moraes Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático