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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biomass resilience of Neotropical secondary forests

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Autor(es):
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Poorter, Lourens [1] ; Ongers, Frans B. [1] ; Aide, T. Mitchell [2] ; Zambrano, Angelica M. Almeyda [3] ; Balvanera, Patricia [4] ; Becknell, Justin M. [5] ; Boukili, Vanessa [6] ; Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [7] ; Broadbent, Eben N. [3] ; Chazdon, Robin L. [6] ; Craven, Dylan [8, 9, 10] ; de Almeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S. [11] ; Cabral, George A. L. [11] ; de Jong, Ben H. J. [12] ; Denslow, Julie S. [13] ; Dent, Daisy H. [14, 15] ; DeWalt, Saara J. [16] ; Dupuy, Juan M. [17] ; Duran, Sandra M. [18] ; Espirito-Santo, Mario M. [19] ; Fandino, Maria C. [20] ; Cesar, Ricardo G. [7] ; Hall, Jefferson S. [8] ; Hernandez-Stefanoni, Jose Luis [17] ; Jakovac, Catarina C. [1, 21] ; Junqueira, Andre B. [22, 23, 24] ; Kennard, Deborah [25] ; Letcher, Susan G. [26] ; Licona, Juan-Carlos [27] ; Lohbeck, Madelon [1, 28] ; Marin-Spiotta, Erika [29] ; Martinez-Ramos, Miguel [4] ; Massoca, Paulo [21] ; Meave, Jorge A. [30] ; Mesquita, Rita [21] ; Mora, Francisco [30, 4] ; Munoz, Rodrigo [30] ; Muscarella, Robert [31, 32] ; Nunes, Yule R. F. [19] ; Ochoa-Gaona, Susana [12] ; de Oliveira, Alexandre A. . [33] ; Orihuela-Belmonte, Edith [12] ; Pena-Claros, Marielos [1] ; Perez-Garcia, Eduardo A. . [30] ; Piotto, Daniel [34] ; Powers, Jennifer S. [35, 36] ; Rodriguez-Velazquez, Jorge [4] ; Romero-Perez, I. Eunice [30] ; Ruiz, Jorge [37, 38] ; Saldarriaga, Juan G. [39] ; Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo [18] ; Schwartz, Naomi B. [31] ; Steininger, Marc K. [40] ; Swenson, Nathan G. [41] ; Toledo, Marisol [27] ; Uriarte, Maria [31] ; van Breugel, Michiel [42, 8, 43] ; van der Wal, Hans [44] ; Veloso, Maria D. M. [19] ; Vester, Hans F. M. [45, 46] ; Vicentini, Alberto [21] ; Vieira, Ima C. G. [47] ; Bentos, Tony Vizcarra [21] ; Williamson, G. Bruce [21] ; Rozendaal, Danae M. A. [16]
Número total de Autores: 65
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Wageningen Univ, Forest Ecol & Forest Management Grp, NL-6700 AA Wageningen - Netherlands
[2] Univ Puerto Rico, Dept Biol, San Juan, PR 00931 - USA
[3] Univ Alabama, Dept Geog, Spatial Ecol & Conservat Lab, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 - USA
[4] Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Invest Ecosistemas & Sustentabilidad, Morelia, Michoacan - Mexico
[5] Brown Univ, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Providence, RI 02912 - USA
[6] Univ Connecticut, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Storrs, CT 06269 - USA
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Forest Sci, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[8] Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, SI ForestGEO, Balboa - Panama
[9] German Ctr Integrat Biodiversity Res iDiv Halle J, D-04103 Leipzig - Germany
[10] Univ Leipzig, Inst Biol, D-04103 Leipzig - Germany
[11] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Bot, BR-50670901 Recife, PE - Brazil
[12] El Colegio Frontera Sur, Unidad Campeche, Dept Sustainabil Sci, Campeche - Mexico
[13] Tulane Univ, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, New Orleans, LA 70130 - USA
[14] Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa - Panama
[15] Univ Stirling, Biol & Environm Sci, Stirling FK9 4LA - Scotland
[16] Clemson Univ, Dept Sci Biol, Clemson, SC 29634 - USA
[17] Ctr Invest Cient Yucatan, Unidad Recursos Nat, Merida, Yucatan - Mexico
[18] Univ Alberta, Dept Earth & Atmospher Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3 - Canada
[19] Univ Estadual Montes Claros, Dept Biol Geral, BR-39401089 Montes Claros, MG - Brazil
[20] Fondo Patrimonio Nat Biodiversidad & Areas Proteg, Bogota - Colombia
[21] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Environm Dynam Res Coordinat, Biol Dynam Forest Fragments Project, BR-69067375 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[22] Wageningen Univ, Ctr Crop Syst Anal, NL-6700 AK Wageningen - Netherlands
[23] Wageningen Univ, Knowledge Technol & Innovat Grp, NL-6700 EW Wageningen - Netherlands
[24] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Coordenacao Tecnol & Inovacao, BR-69060001 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[25] Colorado Mesa Univ, Dept Physiol & Environm Sci, Grand Junction, CO 81501 - USA
[26] SUNY Coll Purchase, Dept Environm Studies, Purchase, NY 10577 - USA
[27] FCA UAGRM, IBIF, Santa Cruz - Bolivia
[28] World Agroforestry Ctr ICRAF, Nairobi 00100 - Kenya
[29] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Geog, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[30] Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Fac Ciencias, Dept Ecol & Recursos Nat, Mexico City 04510, DF - Mexico
[31] Columbia Univ, Dept Ecol Evolut & Environm Biol, New York, NY 10027 - USA
[32] Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, DK-8000 Aarhus - Denmark
[33] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[34] Univ Fed Sul Bahia, Ctr Formacao Ciencias Agroflorestais, BR-45613204 Itabuna, BA - Brazil
[35] Univ Minnesota, Dept Plant Biol, St Paul, MN 55108 - USA
[36] Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 - USA
[37] Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Dept Geog, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 - USA
[38] UPTC, Sch Social Sci, Geog Area, Tunja - Colombia
[39] Univ Maryland, Dept Biol, College Pk, MD 20742 - USA
[40] Yale NUS Coll, Singapore 138610 - Singapore
[41] Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Biol Sci, Singapore 117548 - Singapore
[42] Univ Amsterdam, IBED, NL-1090 GE Amsterdam - Netherlands
[43] El Colegio Frontera Unidad Villahermosa, Dept Agr Sociedad & Ambiente, Centro 86280, Tabasco - Mexico
[44] Bonhoeffer Coll, NL-7545 AX Enschede - Netherlands
[45] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, BR-66040170 Belem, Para - Brazil
[46] Louisiana State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 - USA
[47] Univ Regina, Dept Biol, Regina, SK S4S 0A2 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 47
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Nature; v. 530, n. 7589, p. 211+, FEB 11 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 229
Resumo

Land-use change occurs nowhere more rapidly than in the tropics, where the imbalance between deforestation and forest regrowth has large consequences for the global carbon cycle(1). However, considerable uncertainty remains about the rate of biomass recovery in secondary forests, and how these rates are influenced by climate, landscape, and prior land use(2-4). Here we analyse aboveground biomass recovery during secondary succession in 45 forest sites and about 1,500 forest plots covering the major environmental gradients in the Neotropics. The studied secondary forests are highly productive and resilient. Aboveground biomass recovery after 20 years was on average 122 megagrams per hectare (Mg ha(-1)), corresponding to a net carbon uptake of 3.05 Mg C ha(-1) yr(-1), 11 times the uptake rate of old-growth forests. Aboveground biomass stocks took a median time of 66 years to recover to 90% of old-growth values. Aboveground biomass recovery after 20 years varied 11.3-fold ( from 20 to 225 Mg ha(-1)) across sites, and this recovery increased with water availability (higher local rainfall and lower climatic water deficit). We present a biomass recovery map of Latin America, which illustrates geographical and climatic variation in carbon sequestration potential during forest regrowth. The map will support policies to minimize forest loss in areas where biomass resilience is naturally low (such as seasonally dry forest regions) and promote forest regeneration and restoration in humid tropical lowland areas with high biomass resilience. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/06782-5 - Avaliação multi-escala de impactos ambientais em paisagem agrícola
Beneficiário:Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/14503-7 - Cronossequência e efeito da paisagem na sucessão secundária de florestas tropicais
Beneficiário:Ricardo Gomes César
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado