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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Lignin contributions to the nanoscale porosity of raw and treated lignocelluloses as observed by calorimetric thermoporometry

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Autor(es):
Driemeier, Carlos [1] ; Oliveira, Marcelo M. [1, 2] ; Curvelo, Antonio A. S. [1, 3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] CNPEM, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol CTBE, Caixa Postal 6192, BR-13083970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, EESC, Caixa Postal 780, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, IQSC, Caixa Postal 780, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS; v. 82, p. 114-117, APR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Thermoporometry probes water in nanoscale confinement, the so-called freezing bound water (FBW). Although well established for characterization of delignified cellulosics, application and interpretation of thermoporometry has been elusive for lignin-containing biomass. Here we show that calorimetric thermoporometry discriminates two types of lignin contributions to the nanoscale porosity of a wide set of raw and treated lignocelluloses. First, the well-known role of lignin as pore filler is observed as delignification-promoted gains in FBW, mainly in pores of 10-200 nm. Second, lignocelluloses submitted to acidic aqueous treatments present an additional FBW contribution, mainly in pores <4 nm. This FBW at smaller dimensions is attributed to surface irregularities of the lignin aggregates left by the acidic treatments. Hence, our findings demonstrate that thermoporometry detects a confined water state associated with restructured lignin, thus contributing to the understanding of processes for biomass valorization. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/05523-3 - Alterações nanomorfológicas da matéria lignocelulósica de cana-de-açúcar
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Driemeier
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores