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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Adult-like neuroelectrical response to inequity in children: Evidence from the ultimatum game

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Autor(es):
Rego, Gabriel Gaudencio [1] ; Campanha, Camila [1] ; Kassab, Ana Paula [1] ; Romero, Ruth Lyra [1] ; Minati, Ludovico [2] ; Boggio, Paulo Sergio [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Ctr Hlth & Biol Sci, Social & Cognit Neurosci Lab & Dev Disorders Prog, Rua Piaui 181, 10th Floor, BR-01241001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Fdn IRCCS Ist Neurol Carlo Besta, UO Direz Sci, Milan - Italy
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Social Neuroscience; v. 11, n. 2, p. 193-206, MAR 3 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

People react aversely when faced with unfair situations, a phenomenon that has been related to an electroencephalographic (EEG) potential known as medial frontal negativity (MFN). To our knowledge, the existence of the MFN in children has not yet been demonstrated. Here, we recorded EEG activity from 15 children playing the ultimatum game (UG) and who afterward performed a recognition task, in order to assess whether they could recognize the unfair and fair (familiar) proposers among unfamiliar faces. During the recognition task, we also acquired pupil dilation data to investigate subconscious recognition processes. A typical (adult-like) MFN component was detected in reaction to unfair proposals. We found a positive correlation between reaction time and empathy, as well as a negative correlation between reaction time and systematic reasoning scores. Finally, we detected a significant difference in pupil dilation in response to unfamiliar faces versus UG proposers. Our data provide the first evidence of MFN in children, which appears to index similar neurophysiological phenomena as in adults. Also, reaction time to fair proposals seems to be related to individual traits, as represented by empathy and systematizing. Our pupil dilation data provide evidence that automatic responses to faces did not index fairness, but familiarity. These findings have implications for our understanding of social development in typically developing children. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/20063-9 - Gênero e empatia como moduladores dos processos de decisão social: um estudo comportamental e eletrofisiológico
Beneficiário:Camila Campanhã
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado