Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Native and Non-Native Supergeneralist Bee Species Have Different Effects on Plant-Bee Networks

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Giannini, Tereza C. [1, 2] ; Garibaldi, Lucas A. [3, 4] ; Acosta, Andre L. [1] ; Silva, Juliana S. [5] ; Maia, Kate P. [1] ; Saraiva, Antonio M. [6] ; Guimaraes, Jr., Paulo R. [1] ; Kleinert, Astrid M. P. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Tecnol Vale Desenvolvimento Sustentado, Belem, Para - Brazil
[3] UNRN, Sede Andina, San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro - Argentina
[4] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro - Argentina
[5] Inst Fed Educ Ciencia Tecnol Mato Grosso, Cuiaba, Mato Grosso - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Politecn, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 9 SEP 10 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

Supergeneralists, defined as species that interact with multiple groups of species in ecological networks, can act as important connectors of otherwise disconnected species subsets. In Brazil, there are two supergeneralist bees: the honeybee Apis mellifera, a non-native species, and Trigona spinipes, a native stingless bee. We compared the role of both species and the effect of geographic and local factors on networks by addressing three questions: 1) Do both species have similar abundance and interaction patterns (degree and strength) in plant-bee networks? 2) Are both species equally influential to the network structure (nestedness, connectance, and plant and bee niche overlap)? 3) How are these species affected by geographic (altitude, temperature, precipitation) and local (natural vs. disturbed habitat) factors? We analyzed 21 plant-bee weighted interaction networks, encompassing most of the main biomes in Brazil. We found no significant difference between both species in abundance, in the number of plant species with which each bee species interacts (degree), and in the sum of their dependencies (strength). Structural equation models revealed the effect of A. mellifera and T. spinipes, respectively, on the interaction network pattern (nestedness) and in the similarity in bee's interactive partners (bee niche overlap). It is most likely that the recent invasion of A. mellifera resulted in its rapid settlement inside the core of species that retain the largest number of interactions, resulting in a strong influence on nestedness. However, the long-term interaction between native T. spinipes and other bees most likely has a more direct effect on their interactive behavior. Moreover, temperature negatively affected A. mellifera bees, whereas disturbed habitats positively affected T. spinipes. Conversely, precipitation showed no effect. Being positively (T. spinipes) or indifferently (A. mellifera) affected by disturbed habitats makes these species prone to pollinate plant species in these areas, which are potentially poor in pollinators. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/54422-8 - Estrutura e dinâmica coevolutiva em redes de interações mutualísticas
Beneficiário:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 11/12779-7 - Bombus terrestris chegará ao Brasil? um estudo preditivo sobre uma invasão em potencial
Beneficiário:André Luis Acosta
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/06704-1 - Avaliação do status das interações entre abelhas e plantas
Beneficiário:Valdo da França Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico
Processo FAPESP: 04/15801-0 - Biodiversidade e uso sustentável de polinizadores, com ênfase em abelhas Meliponini
Beneficiário:Vera Lucia Imperatriz-Fonseca
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático