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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Neonatal Pain and Developmental Outcomes in Children Born Preterm A Systematic Review

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Autor(es):
Valeri, Beatriz O. [1] ; Holsti, Liisa [2, 3] ; Linhares, Maria B. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Neurosci & Behav, BR-14051140 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ British Columbia, Dept Occupat Sci & Occupat Therapy, Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9 - Canada
[3] Child & Family Res Inst, Vancouver, BC - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: CLINICAL JOURNAL OF PAIN; v. 31, n. 4, p. 355-362, APR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 73
Resumo

Background: Neonates cared for in neonatal intensive care units are exposed to many painful and stressful procedures that, cumulatively, could impact later neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, a systematic analysis of these effects is yet to be reported. Objectives: The aim of this research was to review empirical studies examining the association between early neonatal pain experiences of preterm infants and the subsequent developmental outcomes of these children across different ages. Methods: The literature search was performed using the PubMed, PsycINFO, Lilacs, and SciELO databases and included the following key words: ``pain,{''} ``preterm,{''} and ``development.{''} In addition, a complementary search was performed in online journals that published pain and developmental studies to ensure all of the target studies had been found. The data were extracted according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Thirteen studies were analyzed. In infants born extremely preterm (gestational age <= 29 wk) greater numbers of painful procedures were associated with delayed postnatal growth, with poor early neurodevelopment, high cortical activation, and with altered brain development. In toddlers born very preterm (gestational age <= 32 wk) biobehavioral pain reactivity-recovery scores were associated with negative affectivity temperament. Furthermore, greater numbers of neonatal painful experiences were associated with a poor quality of cognitive and motor development at 1 year of age and changes in cortical rhythmicity and cortical thickness in children at 7 years of age. Conclusions: For infants born preterm, neonatal pain-related stress was associated with alterations in both early and in later developmental outcomes. Few longitudinal studies examined the impact of neonatal pain in the long-term development of children born preterm. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50788-8 - Reatividade a dor em neonatos pré-termo sob intervenção de sacarose, em grupos diferenciados pelo risco clínico neonatal
Beneficiário:Beatriz Oliveira Valeri Pereira da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado