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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Tolerance to repeated stress in rats with lesions of the serotoninergic neurons of the Median Raphe Nucleus and chronically treated with imipramine

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Silva, K. [1] ; Carvalho, M. C. [2, 3, 4] ; Padovan, C. M. [1, 2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Lab Neurobiol Estresse & Depressao, Ave Bandeirantes, 3900, Cidade Univ, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] INeC, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Nucleo Pesquisa Neurobiol Emocoes NUPNE, Ave Bandeirantes, 3900, Cidade Univ, BR-14040900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Lab Psicofarmacol, Ave Bandeirantes, 3900, Cidade Univ, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Behavioural Brain Research; v. 302, p. 220-227, APR 1 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Repeated exposure to aversive events leads to the development of tolerance to stress, which involves the serotonergic pathway originated in the Median Raphe Nucleus (MnRN) to the Dorsal Hippocampus (DH). However, it is not clear whether these lesion-induced deficits can be attenuated by treatment with antidepressants. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the effects of chronic treatment with Imipramine (IMI) in rats with lesions in the MnRN and exposed to restraint stress. Male Wistar rats with or without neurochemical lesions of the MnRN serotonergic neurons with the neurotoxin 5,7-DHT were submitted to acute (2 h) or chronic restraint (2 h/day/seven consecutive days) and treated with saline (1 ml/kg) or imipramine (15 mg/kg) via intraperitoneal twice a day during the same period. In acutely restrained rats, stress occurred on the last day of treatment. Test in the elevated plus maze (EPM) was performed 24 h later. After EPM test, animals were sacrificed and had their brains removed. Dorsal hippocampus and striatum were dissected and the levels of 5-HT and 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) measured by HPLC analysis. Our results showed that in control rats exposure to acute restraint stress decreased exploration of the open and enclose arms of the EPM, an effect that was attenuated by imipramine. In rats with 5,7-DHT lesions, acute restraint did not change the exploration of the EPM, independently of the treatment. On the other hand, when chronically restrained, saline treated rat with 5,7-DHT lesion showed a reduced exploration of the open arms of the EPM. This effect was attenuated by simultaneous treatment with imipramine. HPLC analysis showed significantly decreases on 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels in the hippocampus, but not in the striatum. These later results confirm that 5,7-DHT lesions of the MnRN had significant impact on the serotonergic projections to the dorsal hippocampus which seems to be essential for the development of tolerance to repeated stress in the absence of any pharmacological treatment. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/11784-7 - Papel da via núcleo mediano da rafe-hipocampo dorsal nos efeitos antidepressivos do tratamento com imipramina em animais submetidos ao estresse de restrição
Beneficiário:Kelly da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 09/07974-5 - Efeitos do tratamento crônico com imipramina em animais expostos cronicamente a estressores controláveis ou incontroláveis, com ou sem lesão do NMnR: estudos de neurogênese hipocampal adulta e comportamentais
Beneficiário:Kelly da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico
Processo FAPESP: 07/07134-1 - Estresse, serotonina, glutamato e a via núcleo mediano da rafe-hipocampo: estudos comportamentais e sobre a neurogênese hipocampal adulta
Beneficiário:Claudia Maria Padovan
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular