Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Edge effects on the phenology of the guamirim, Myrcia guianensis (Myrtaceae), a cerrado tree, Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Vogado, Nara Oliveira [1] ; Gutierrez de Camargo, Maria Gabriela [1] ; Locosselli, Giuliano Maselli [2] ; Cerdeira Morellato, Leonor Patricia [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Lab Fenol, Dept Bot, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Bot, Lab Anat Vegetal, Rua Matao 277, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TROPICAL CONSERVATION SCIENCE; v. 9, n. 1, p. 291-312, MAR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

The Brazilian cerrado, a hotspot of biodiversity, has suffered intense fragmentation in the last decades with an associated increase in areas subjected to edge effects. Plant phenology may be influenced by abiotic changes induced by edge effects, such as increases in temperature and light. We studied the phenology of the guamirim (Myrcia guianensis, Myrtaceae) and its relation to local abiotic factors in a Brazilian cerrado area between 2005 and 2011, aiming to answer: (i) whether M. guianensis phenology differs between the edge and the interior and/or between cardinal orientations at the study site, given that environments facing east are lighter and warmer than environments facing south; and (ii) how microenvironmental factors influence the observed phenological patterns. We sampled 92 individuals in 36 transects (25m x 2m), distributed along the edge and in the interior (100m from the edge) of the east and south faces. Myrcia guianensis presented seasonal patterns of leafing and reproduction, but only reproduction was influenced by microenvironmental conditions. Individuals on the east edge - the warmest and driest environment with the most light - presented with the highest synchrony and intensity of reproductive phenophases, followed by the east interior, south interior and south edge. Flowering and fruiting onset and peak dates occurred around 20 days earlier on the east edge than the south face. Edge conditions, primarily cardinal orientation, and associated higher temperatures and light incidence influenced the reproductive phenology of M. guianensis and the onset of flowering and fruiting. We suggest that edges could be used to evaluate plant responses to the temperature increases predicted for future climate change scenarios. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/01762-3 - Padrões de frutificação e diversidade na produção, cor e composição química de frutos do cerrado: uma visão integrada
Beneficiário:Maria Gabriela Gutierrez de Camargo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 07/59779-6 - Estudo comparativo da diversidade e da fenologia reprodutiva e vegetativa entre borda e interior num fragmento de Cerrado em Itirapina, São Paulo
Beneficiário:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/51307-0 - Diversidade florística e padrões sazonais dos campos rupestres e cerrado
Beneficiário:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Parceria para Inovação Tecnológica - PITE