CNEN SP, Nucl & Energy Res Inst, Ctr Chem & Environm, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Santo Amaro, Sch Dent, Dept Biomat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento:
Journal of Applied Polymer Science;
JUN 20 2016.
Citações Web of Science:
This work concerns to the investigation of the polymerization shrinkage and mechanical properties in dental restoratives experimental composites filled with nano clay Montmorilonite (MMT) Cloisite((R)) 10A nanoparticles, in glycidyl methacrylate resin, using experimental composites filled with silanized Aerosil OX-50 Silica as a control group. Six formulations with BisGMA/TEGDMA based polymeric matrix (three added with MMT and three added with silanized silica as filler) containing 50, 60, and 70 wt % were investigated. Characterization of the experimental composites was established with the following analyses: Scanning Electron Microscope, (SEM); Thermo-Mechanical Analysis, (TMA) for Shrinkage Polymerization; Differential Scanning Calorimetry Analysis (DSC); Knoop Micro Hardness analysis; X-ray Diffraction (XRD); Degree of Conversion (DC); Elastic Modulus and Flexural Strength; Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Statistical Analyses were realized using two-way ANOVA (type and amount of filler) and Tukey's test. TMA results showed that composites filled with MMT nanoparticle present statistically lower polymerization shrinkage values and statistically high degree of conversion in all formulations tested, when compared to composites filled with silanized silica. XRD and TEM analyses showed evidences of the intercalation phenomenon in the MMT nanoparticles in relation to BisGMA/TEGDMA polymeric matrix. However, for Flexural Strength, groups filled with MMT nanoparticle showed statistically lower values in all concentration tested. At high filler concentration it was observed the appearance of tactoids and functionalization of MMT nanoparticle did not promote a strong interface adhesion between polymeric matrix and filler. In order to adjust the mechanical properties, it would be convenient to promote the concentration optimization of MMT nanoparticles. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43543. (AU)