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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A xylose-stimulated xylanase-xylose binding protein chimera created by random nonhomologous recombination

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Autor(es):
Ribeiro, Lucas Ferreira [1, 2] ; Tullman, Jennifer [1, 3] ; Nicholes, Nathan [1] ; Bergamachi Silva, Sergio Ruschi [4] ; Vieira, Davi Serradella [4] ; Ostermeier, Marc [1] ; Ward, Richard John [5, 6]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Johns Hopkins Univ, Baltimore, MD - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Bioquim & Imunol, FMRP, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Biosci & Biotechnol Res, Rockville, MD - USA
[4] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[5] CNPEM, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol CTBE, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Dept Quim, Av Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS; v. 9, JUN 6 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Background: Saccharification of lignocellulosic material by xylanases and other glycoside hydrolases is generally conducted at high concentrations of the final reaction products, which frequently inhibit the enzymes used in the saccharification process. Using a random nonhomologous recombination strategy, we have fused the GH11 xylanase from Bacillus subtilis (XynA) with the xylose binding protein from Escherichia coli (XBP) to produce an enzyme that is allosterically stimulated by xylose. Results: The pT7T3GFP\_XBP plasmid containing the XBP coding sequence was randomly linearized with DNase I, and ligated with the XynA coding sequence to create a random XynA-XBP insertion library, which was used to transform E. coli strain JW3538-1 lacking the XBP gene. Screening for active XBP was based on the expression of GFP from the pT7T3GFP\_XBP plasmid under the control of a xylose inducible promoter. In the presence of xylose, cells harboring a functional XBP domain in the fusion protein (XBP+) showed increased GFP fluorescence and were selected using FACS. The XBP+ cells were further screened for xylanase activity by halo formation around xylanase producing colonies (XynA+) on LB-agar-xylan media after staining with Congo red. The xylanase activity ratio with xylose/without xylose in supernatants from the XBP+/XynA+ clones was measured against remazol brilliant blue xylan. A clone showing an activity ratio higher than 1.3 was selected where the XynA was inserted after the asparagine 271 in the XBP, and this chimera was denominated as XynA-XBP271. The XynA-XBP271 was more stable than XynA at 55 degrees C, and in the presence of xylose the catalytic efficiency was similar to 3-fold greater than the parental xylanase. Molecular dynamics simulations predicted the formation of an extended protein-protein interface with coupled movements between the XynA and XBP domains. In the XynA-XBP271 with xylose bound to the XBP domain, the mobility of a beta-loop in the XynA domain results in an increased access to the active site, and may explain the observed allosteric activation. Conclusions: The approach presented here provides an important advance for the engineering enzymes that are stimulated by the final product. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/07133-8 - Criação de uma Endoxilanase Alostérica por Evolução Dirigida para aplicação na Biotecnologia Industrial
Beneficiário:Lucas Ferreira Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/10184-3 - Desenvolvimento de um coquetel enzimático para aplicação em biorefinaria
Beneficiário:Liliane Fraga Costa Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/18850-2 - Identificação, caracterização e engenharia de enzimas que degradam a parede celular das plantas
Beneficiário:Richard John Ward
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático