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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Diversity of Tiphiidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) in the fragmented Brazilian semi-deciduous Atlantic Forest

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Autor(es):
Lopes Justino, Cintia Eleonora [1] ; dos Santos, Eduardo Fernando [1] ; Noll, Fernando Barbosa [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas, Dept Zool & Bot, Rua Cristovao Colombo 2265, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Insect Conservation; v. 20, n. 3, p. 417-431, JUN 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The Atlantic Forest is one of the most important areas of biodiversity in the world, but it has been largely replaced with agropastoral areas and at the present only 12.5 % of the original cover remains. Despite the ecological importance of insects, few studies have been used in conservation approaches for the Atlantic Forest, mainly due to a great taxonomic impediment. A group quite ecologically important but deeply neglected includes parasitoid wasps that control a great number of invertebrates, like tiphiid wasps that are parasitoids of underground coleopteran larvae. The present study aimed to estimate Tiphiidae species richness and diversity in 15 patches of a highly fragmented Atlantic Forest region, using factors that drive the diversity pool from a metacommunity, such as immigration and speciation probabilities. The parameters were estimated using the Neutral Biodiversity Theory, which is based on the total ecological equivalence of species at the same trophic level. Diversity values were molded to the area size, the immigration probabilities, and/or the speciation probability. Eight genera and 460 individuals of Thynninae, Myzininae and Tiphiinae were collected. Variation in species richness, estimated by both rarefaction and first-order jackknife methods, was explained by patch size and by immigration and speciation probabilities. These variables also explained the variation in Shannon diversity and species evenness. Variations in species richness and diversity of Tiphiidae are strongly associated with neutral processes, but they are also influenced by forest fragmentation and intensive agricultural activities. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/09145-3 - Fauna e flora de fragmentos florestais remanescentes no noroeste paulista: base para estudos de conservação da biodiversidade
Beneficiário:Cíntia Eleonora Lopes Justino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico
Processo FAPESP: 04/04820-3 - Fauna e flora de fragmentos florestais remanescentes no noroeste paulista: base para estudos de conservação da biodiversidade
Beneficiário:Orlando Necchi Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/16580-0 - Levantamento de Thiphiidae (Hymenoptera, Vespoidea) do noroeste paulista
Beneficiário:Cíntia Eleonora Lopes Justino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica