Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Rational design of carbon nitride photocatalysts by identification of cyanamide defects as catalytically relevant sites

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Lau, Vincent Wing-hei ; Moudrakovski, Igor ; Botari, Tiago ; Weinberger, Simon ; Mesch, Maria B. ; Duppel, Viola ; Senker, Juergen ; Blum, Volker ; Lotsch, Bettina V.
Número total de Autores: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS; v. 7, JUL 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 169
Resumo

The heptazine-based polymer melon (also known as graphitic carbon nitride, g-C3N4) is a promising photocatalyst for hydrogen evolution. Nonetheless, attempts to improve its inherently low activity are rarely based on rational approaches because of a lack of fundamental understanding of its mechanistic operation. Here we employ molecular heptazine-based model catalysts to identify the cyanamide moiety as a photocatalytically relevant `defect'. We exploit this knowledge for the rational design of a carbon nitride polymer populated with cyanamide groups, yielding a material with 12 and 16 times the hydrogen evolution rate and apparent quantum efficiency (400 nm), respectively, compared with the unmodified melon. Computational modelling and material characterization suggest that this moiety improves coordination (and, in turn, charge transfer kinetics) to the platinum co-catalyst and enhances the separation of the photogenerated charge carriers. The demonstrated knowledge transfer for rational catalyst design presented here provides the conceptual framework for engineering high-performance heptazine-based photocatalysts. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/11986-7 - Investigação ab initio das propriedades mecânicas e eletrônicas de materiais de nitrato de carbono
Beneficiário:Tiago Botari
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado