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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The Evolution of Temporal and Spatial Patterns of Carbon Monoxide Concentrations in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Autor(es):
Dutra Ribeiro, Flavia Noronha ; Paiva Salinas, Delhi Teresa ; Soares, Jacyra ; de Oliveira, Amauri Pereira ; de Miranda, Regina Maura ; Tolentino Souza, Luana Antunes
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ADVANCES IN METEOROLOGY; 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The Environmental Agency of Sao Paulo has a large dataset of carbonmonoxide measurements: 20 years of records in 18 automatic stations inside the metropolitan area. However, a thorough investigation on the time evolution of CO concentration tendency and cycles also considering spatial variability is lacking. The investigation consists of a trend line analysis, a periodogram analysis, a correlation between CO concentration and meteorological variables, and spatial distribution of CO concentration. Local and federal policies helped in decreasing CO concentrations and the highest decreasing rate was 0.7% per month. This tendency is lately stabilizing, since the vehicles fleet is increasing. CO most relevant cycles are annual and diurnal and a few series indicate a weekly cycle. Diurnal cycle shows two peaks, morning and evening rush hours, 1.2 and 1.1 ppm, respectively, in 2012. However, lately there is an extended evening peak (20 h to 23 h), related to changes in emission patterns. The spatial analysis showed that CO concentration has high spatial variability and is influenced by proximity to heavy traffic and vegetated areas. The present work indicates that several processes affect CO concentration and these results forma valuable basis for other studies involving air quality modeling, mitigation, and urban planning. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/04372-2 - Influência da circulação de brisa marítima no desenvolvimento da CLP e implicações para a qualidade do ar na RMSP
Beneficiário:Flávia Noronha Dutra Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular