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G64-12 AND G64-37 ARE CARBON-ENHANCED METAL-POOR STARS

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Autor(es):
Placco, Vinicius M. ; Beers, Timothy C. ; Reggiani, Henrique ; Melendez, Jorge
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astrophysical Journal Letters; v. 829, n. 2 OCT 1 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 21
Resumo

We present new high-resolution chemical-abundance analyses for the well-known high proper-motion subdwarfs G64-12 and G64-37, based on very high signal-to-noise ratio spectra (S/N similar to 700/1) with resolving power R similar to 95,000. These high-quality data enable the first reliable determination of the carbon abundances for these two stars; we classify them as carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars based on their carboni cities, which both exceed {[}C/Fe] = +1.0. They are sub-classified as CEMP-no Group-II stars, based on their location in the Yoon-Beers diagram of absolute carbon abundance, A(C) versus {[}Fe/H], as well as on the conventional diagnostic {[}Ba/Fe]. The relatively low absolute carbon abundances of CEMP-no stars, in combination with the high effective temperatures of these two stars (T-eff similar to 6500 K), weakens their CH molecular features to the point that accurate carbon abundances can only be estimated from spectra with very high S/N. A comparison of the observed abundance patterns with the predicted yields from massive, metal-free supernova models reduces the inferred progenitor masses by factors of similar to 2-3, and explosion energies by factors of similar to 10-15, compared to those derived using previously claimed carbon-abundance estimates. There are certainly many more warm CEMP-no stars near the halo main-sequence turnoff that have been overlooked in past studies, directly impacting the derived frequencies of CEMP-no stars as a function of metallicity, a probe that provides important constraints on Galactic chemical evolution models, the initial mass function in the early universe, and first-star nucleosynthesis. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/24392-2 - Espectroscopia de alta precisão: impacto no estudo de planetas, estrelas, a galáxia e cosmologia
Beneficiário:Jorge Luis Melendez Moreno
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático