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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Involvement of mast cells and histamine in edema Scolopendra viridicornis centipede venom

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Autor(es):
Tavora, Bianca C. L. F. ; Kimura, Louise F. ; Antoniazzi, Marta M. ; Chiariello, Thiago M. ; Faquim-Mauro, Eliana L. ; Barbaro, Katia C.
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Toxicon; v. 121, p. 51-60, OCT 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Bites caused by Scolopendra viridicornis centipede are mainly characterized by burning pain, paresthesia and edema. On this regard, the aim of this work was to study the involvement of mast cells and histamine in edema induced by Scolopendra viridicornis (Sv) centipede venom. The edema was analyzed on mice paws. The mice were pretreated with cromolyn (mast cell degranulation inhibitor) and antagonists of histamine receptors, such as promethazine (H1R), cimetidine (H2R) and thioperamide (H-3/H4R). The analyses were carried out at different times after the injection of Sv venom (15 mu g) or PBS in the footpad of mice. Our results showed a significant inhibition of the edema induced by Sv venom injection in mice previously treated: cromolyn (38-91%), promethazine (50-59%) and thioperamide (around 30%). The treatment with cimetidine did not alter the edema induced by Sv venom. Histopathological analysis showed that Sv venom injection (15 mu g) induced edema, leukocyte recruitment and mast cells degranulation, when compared with the PBS-injected mice. Direct effects of the Sv venom on mast cells were studied in PT-18 line (mouse mast cell) and RBL-2H3 cells (rat mast cells). The data showed that higher doses (3.8 and 7.5 mu g) of Sv venom were cytotoxic for both cell lineages and induced morphological changes. However, lower doses of the venom induced degranulation of both mast cell lines, as well as the secretion of MCP-1, IL-6 and IL-1 beta. The production of PGD(2) was only observed in the RBL-2H3 line incubated with Sv venom. Taking our results together, we demonstrated that upon Sv venom exposure, mast cells and histamine are crucial for the establishment of the local inflammatory reaction. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57898-0 - Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Toxinas
Beneficiário:Osvaldo Augusto Brazil Esteves Sant'Anna
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático