Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evaluation of protective immune response against fowl typhoid in chickens vaccinated with the attenuated strain Salmonella Gallinarum Delta cobS Delta cbiA

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Casarin Penha Filho, Rafael Antonio ; Acelas Diaz, Silvia Juliana ; Medina, Tiago da Silva ; Chang, Yung-Fu ; da Silva, Joao Santana ; Berchieri, Jr., Angelo
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Research in Veterinary Science; v. 107, p. 220-227, AUG 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Salmonella enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Gallinarum (SG) causes fowl typhoid in chickens, a septicemic infection which results in high mortality rates. This disease causes high economic impact to the poultry industry worldwide because of the mortality or elimination of positive flocks to control bacterial dissemination. Live vaccines are used in the fields, however the characterization of immune mechanisms important for protection are being studied to improve the efficacy of vaccination schemes. In this study, we evaluated the immune response in brown layer-hens, vaccinated or not, during the most critical period of infection. Cellular and humoral immunity were extensively evaluated until 7 days post-infection (DPI), by flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. Furthermore, we evaluated the expression of important pro-inflammatory cytokines after infection of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) with the live attenuated SG vaccine and with the wild SG strain. The results showed an increasing production of IgG and IgM during the first week post-infection, in vaccinated layer-hens, which was absent in unvaccinated birds. The population of CD8(+) CD44(+) and CD4(+)CD44(+) T cells in spleen and cecal tonsils constantly decreased in unvaccinated birds in comparison with vaccinated layers. The expression of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. in BMDMs was induced by both SG strains (attenuated and wild) at similar levels (p>0.05). Vaccination with live SG vaccine reduced systemic infection by challenge strain of SG and prevented the mortality rate of 85% that occurred in unvaccinated layer-hens during 30 dpi. Furthermore, the immunization enhanced the proliferation of effector CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells after challenge. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/26122-5 - Identificação de antígenos protéicos homólogos em Salmonella enterica subesp. enterica sorovares Typhimurium, enteritidis, Heidelberg e Schwarzengrund, para a produção de proteína recombinante e avaliação como candidato vacinal em galinhas
Beneficiário:Rafael Antonio Casarin Penha Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/24017-7 - Avaliação da infecção e imunidade de linhagens de aves (Gallus Gallus) suscetíveis e resistentes ao desafio por Salmonella enterica subesp. enterica sorovar Gallinarum
Beneficiário:Rafael Antonio Casarin Penha Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/26127-7 - Fatores envolvidos na patogenia do tifo aviário
Beneficiário:Angelo Berchieri Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular