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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Chemical characterization of organic particulate matter from on-road traffic in Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Autor(es):
Oyama, Beatriz Sayuri ; Andrade, Maria de Fatima ; Herckes, Pierre ; Dusek, Ulrike ; Rockmann, Thomas ; Holzinger, Rupert
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics; v. 16, n. 22, p. 14397-14408, NOV 18 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

This study reports emission of organic particulate matter by light-duty vehicles (LDVs) and heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, where vehicles run on three different fuel types: gasoline with 25% ethanol (called gasohol, E25), hydrated ethanol (E100), and diesel (with 5% biodiesel). The experiments were performed at two tunnels: Janio Quadros (TJQ), where 99% of the vehicles are LDVs, and RodoAnel Mario Covas (TRA), where up to 30% of the fleet are HDVs. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) samples were collected on quartz filters in May and July 2011 at TJQ and TRA, respectively. The samples were analyzed by thermal-desorption proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (TD-PTR-MS) and by thermal-optical transmittance (TOT). Emission factors (EFs) for organic aerosol (OA) and organic carbon (OC) were calculated for the HDV and the LDV fleet. We found that HDVs emitted more PM2.5 than LDVs, with OC EFs of 108 and 523 mg kg(-1) burned fuel for LDVs and HDVs, respectively. More than 700 ions were identified by TD-PTR-MS and the EF profiles obtained from HDVs and LDVs exhibited distinct features. Unique organic tracers for gasoline, biodiesel, and tire wear have been tentatively identified. nitrogen-containing compounds contributed around 20% to the EF values for both types of vehicles, possibly associated with incomplete fuel burning or fast secondary production. Additionally, 70 and 65% of the emitted mass (i.e. the OA) originates from oxygenated compounds from LDVs and HDVs, respectively. This may be a consequence of the high oxygen content of the fuel. On the other hand, additional oxygenation may occur during fuel combustion. The high fractions of nitrogen-and oxygen-containing compounds show that chemical processing close to the engine / tailpipe region is an important factor influencing primary OA emission. The thermal-desorption analysis showed that HDVs emitted compounds with higher volatility, and with mainly oxygenated and longer chain hydrocarbons than LDVs. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/17754-2 - Estudo da contribuição de compostos orgânicos nos aerossóis de origem veicular da Cidade de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Beatriz Sayuri Oyama
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/21456-0 - Estudo da contribuição de compostos orgânicos nos aerossóis de origem veicular da Cidade de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Beatriz Sayuri Oyama
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado