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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Functional and structural studies of a Phospholipase A(2)-like protein complexed to zinc ions: Insights on its myotoxicity and inhibition mechanism

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Borges, Rafael J. ; Cardoso, Fabio F. ; Fernandes, Carlos A. H. ; Dreyer, Thiago R. ; de Moraes, Delkia S. ; Floriano, Rafael S. ; Rodrigues-Simioni, Lea ; Fontes, Marcos R. M.
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS; v. 1861, n. 1, A, p. 3199-3209, JAN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 10

Background: One of the main challenges in snakebite envenomation treatment is the development of stable, versatile and efficient and-venom therapies. Local myotoxicity in accidents involving snakes from the Bothrops genus is still a consequence of serum therapy inefficient neutralization that may lead to permanent sequelae in their victims. One of the classes of toxins that participate in muscle necrosis is the PLA(2)-like proteins. The aim of this work was to investigate the role of zinc ions in the inhibition of PLA(2)-like proteins and to advance the current knowledge of their action mechanism. Methods: Myographic and electrophysiological techniques were used to evaluate the inhibitory effect of zinc ions, isothermal titration calorimetry assays were used to measure the affinity between zinc ions and the toxin and Xray crystallography was used to reveal details of this interaction. Results: We demonstrated that zinc ions can effectively inhibit the toxin by the interaction with two different sites, which are related to two different mechanism of inhibition: preventing membrane disruption and impairing the toxin state transition. Furthermore, structural study presented here included an additional step in the current myotoxic mechanism improving the comprehension of the allosteric transition that PLA(2)-like proteins undergo to exert their function. Conclusions: Our findings show that zinc ions are inhibitors of PLA(2)-like proteins and suggest two different mechanisms of inhibition for these ions. General significance: Zinc is a new candidate that can assist in and-venom treatments and can promote the design of new and even more accurate structure-based inhibitors for PLA(2)-like proteins. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/00873-4 - Estudos estruturais de fosfolipases A2 miotóxicas de veneno botrópico complexadas com inibidores e otimização de novas metodologias para análises cristalográficas
Beneficiário:Rafael Junqueira Borges
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/17286-0 - Estudos estruturais e funcionais objetivando compreender o papel de toxinas de venenos de serpentes e de como inibir a sua atividade biológica
Beneficiário:Marcos Roberto de Mattos Fontes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular