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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Potential risks of the residue from Samarco's mine dam burst (Bento Rodrigues, Brazil)

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Segura, Fabiana Roberta ; Nunes, Emilene Arusievicz ; Paniz, Fernanda Polio ; Cavalheiro Paulelli, Ana Carolina ; Rodrigues, Gabriela Braga ; Leite Braga, Gilberto Ubida ; Pedreira Filho, Walter dos Reis ; Barbosa, Jr., Fernando ; Cerchiaro, Giselle ; Silva, Fabio Ferreira ; Batista, Bruno Lemos
Número total de Autores: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Environmental Pollution; v. 218, p. 813-825, NOV 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 36
Resumo

On November 5th, 2015, Samarco's iron mine dam - called Fundao - spilled 50-60 million m(3) of mud into Gualaxo do Norte, a river that belongs to Rio Doce Basin. Approximately 15 km(2) were flooded along the rivers Gualaxo do Norte, Carmo and Doce, reaching the Atlantic Ocean on November 22nd, 2015. Six days after, our group collected mud, soil and water samples in Bento Rodrigues (Minas Gerais, Brazil), which was the first impacted area. Overall, the results, water samples potable and surface water from river presented chemical elements concentration according to Brazilian environmental legislations, except silver concentration in surface water that ranged from 1.5 to 1087 mu g L-1. In addition, water mud containing presented Fe and Mn concentrations approximately 4-fold higher than the maximum limit for water bodies quality assessment, according to Brazilian laws. Mud particle size ranged from 1 to 200 gm. SEM-EDS spot provided us some semi quantitative data. Leaching/extraction tests suggested that Ba, Pb, As, Sr, Fe, Mn and Al have high potential mobilization from mud to water. Low microbial diversity in mud samples compared to background soil samples. Toxicological bioassays (HepG2 and Allium cepa) indicated potential risks of cytotoxicity and DNA damage in mud and soil samples used in both assays. The present study provides preliminary information aiming to collaborate to the development of future works for monitoring and risk assessment. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/05151-0 - Arsênio e arroz: monitoramento e estudos de (bio)remediação para segurança alimentar
Beneficiário:Bruno Lemos Batista
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores