Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of feed restriction and forage: concentrate ratio on digestibility, methane emission, and energy utilization by goats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Castro Lima, Ana Rebeca ; Machado da Rocha Fernandes, Marcia Helena ; Molina de Almeida Teixeira, Izabelle Auxiliadora ; Shiraishi Frighetto, Rosa Toyoko ; Ventoso Bompadre, Thiago Francisco ; Biagioli, Bruno ; Meister, Naomi Cristina ; de Resende, Kleber Tomas
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE ZOOTECNIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE; v. 45, n. 12, p. 781-787, DEC 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

This study was carried out to to evaluate how feed restriction and different forage: concentrate ratios affect digestibility, methane emission (using the SF6 technique), and energy utilization of Anglo-Nubian goats. Fifteen (15) dry and non-pregnant Anglo Nubian goats, averaging 30+2.9 kg body weight, were used. The experiment was divided into two trials, the first of which was designed to study the effects of feed restriction (0% or ad libitum; 15% of feed restriction or equivalent to 85% of ad libitum intake; and 40% of feed restriction or equivalent to 60% of ad libitum intake) and the second, to study the effects of forage: concentrate (F:C) ratios (75: 25, 54: 46, and 25: 75) in the diet. The sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer gas method was used to collect and estimate methane (CH4) emissions. Feed restriction level did not affect apparent total tract digestibility of dry matter (DM), organic matter, crude protein, and neutral detergent fiber. Methane emission (g d(-1)) decreased linearly as intake level decreased. However, energy loss in methane proportional to organic matter intake was similar among levels of feed restriction; consequently, dietary metabolizability did not differ among treatments. Methane gas (g d(-1)) as a function of F: C ratio revealed a quadratic response, showing the highest values when animals were fed the 46: 54 F: C ratio diet (18.2 g d(-1)), suggesting that the decrease in absolute CH 4 occurred when the level of concentrate inclusion in the diet surpassed approximately 50%. The results presented herein may be relevant for the ongoing and future efforts towards completion of an IPCC inventory regarding the contribution of goats to the greenhouse gas effects on the planet. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/14842-8 - Produção de metano em caprinos em crescimento
Beneficiário:Ana Rebeca Castro Lima
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 08/58351-5 - Metabolismo, exigências nutricionais e características de carcaça de caprinos em crescimento
Beneficiário:Kléber Tomás de Resende
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático