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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Greenhouse gas balance and carbon footprint of beef cattle in three contrasting pasture-management systems in Brazil

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Autor(es):
de Figueiredo, Eduardo Barretto ; Jayasundara, Susantha ; Bordonal, Ricardo de Oliveira ; Berchielli, Telma Teresinha ; Reis, Ricardo Andrade ; Wagner-Riddle, Claudia ; La Scala, Jr., Newton
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION; v. 142, n. 1, SI, p. 420-431, JAN 20 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 23
Resumo

Integrated Systems (IS) have been identified as an efficient land-management strategy for restoring degraded areas worldwide, increasing crops and beef yields and providing technical potential for carbon (C) sequestration in soil and trees as an option for offsetting CH4 and N2O emissions from cattle production. The aim of our study is to estimate the greenhouse gas (GHG) balance and the C footprint of beef cattle (fattening cycle) in three contrasting production scenarios on the Brachiaria pasture in Brazil-1) degraded pasture (DP), 2) managed pasture (MP), and 3) the crop-livestock-forest integrated system (CLFIS) presenting new alternatives of land use as a GHG mitigation strategy. Area-scaled total GHG emissions were highest in MP (84,541 kg CO(2)eq ha(-1)), followed by CLFIS (64,519 kg CO(2)eq ha(-1)) and DP (8004 kg CO(2)eq ha(-1)) over a 10-yr period. Our results note that the highest C footprint of beef cattle was in the DP, 18.5 kg CO(2)eq per kg LW (live weight), followed by 12.6 kg CO(2)eq per kg LW in the CLFIS and 9.4 kg CO(2)eq per kg LW in the MP, without taking into account the technical potential for C sequestration in MP (soil C) and CLFIS (soil and Eucalyptus C). Considering the potential for soil C sequestration in the MP and CLFIS, the C footprint of beef cattle could be reduced to 7.6 and -28.1 kg CO(2)eq per kg LW in the MP and CLFIS, respectively. The conversion of the degraded pasture to a well-managed pasture and the introduction of CLFIS can reduce their associated GHG emissions in terms of kg CO(2)eq emitted per kg of cattle LW produced, increasing the production of meat, grains and timber. This reduction is primarily due to pasture improvement and increases in cattle yields and the provision of technical potential for C sinks in soil and biomass to offset cattle-related emissions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/00060-8 - Balanço de gases de efeito estufa e estratégias de mitigação em pastos de Brachiaria submetidos a diferentes manejos
Beneficiário:Telma Teresinha Berchielli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/14907-5 - Variabilidade espacial da emissão de CO2 e de atributos do solo em pastos de Brachiaria submetidos a diferentes intensidades de pastejo
Beneficiário:Eduardo Barretto de Figueiredo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado