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Potamolinea gen. nov (Oscillatoriales, Cyanobacteria): a phylogenetically and ecologically coherent cyanobacterial genus

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Martins, Mariellen Dornelles ; Zanini Branco, Luis Henrique
Número total de Autores: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 9

Phormidium Kutzing ex Gomont, a common genus of the Cyanobacteria, is widely known as a problematic group. Its simple morphology is not congruent with its genetic heterogeneity and several new generic entities have been described based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses from populations with similar morphology. During a study of the diversity of Phormidioideae (Phormidiaceae, Oscillatoriales) in Brazil, ten Phormidium-like strains from south-eastern and mid-western regions were isolated in monospecific cultures and submitted to polyphasic evaluation (morphological, ecological and molecular studies). The populations studied presented homogeneous morphology (trichomes straight, not attenuated and apical cell rounded or obtuse), differing mainly in cell length from the type species of the genus Phormidium (Phormidium lucidum Agardh ex Gomont) and occurring as three morphotypes. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the populations studied, with European Phormidium aerugineo-caeruleum (Gomont) Anagnostidis \& Komarek strains, were placed together in a very distinctive and highly supported clade. Thus, the set of characteristics of the strains resulted in the recognition of the new genus Potamolinea Martins et Branco with two species: Potamolinea magna as the type species (strains 47PC and 48PC) and Potamolinea aerugineo-caerulea (Gomont) Martins et Branco (strains 1PC, 2PC and 38PC). These two species plus one still undetermined lineage, Potamolinea sp., are morphologically and genetically distinguishable, whereas the secondary structures of the D1-D1', box-B and V3 regions were conserved within each one. The generic name and specific epithets of the new taxa are proposed under the provisions of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08207-3 - Estudos de identificação e de filogenia de Phormidioideae (Oscillatoriales, Cyanobactéria)
Beneficiário:Mariéllen Dornelles Martins
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/19468-0 - Perfil molecular e diversidade taxonômica de assembléias de cianobactérias em crostas biológicas de solos de cerrado
Beneficiário:Luis Henrique Zanini Branco
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/09686-4 - Estudos polifásicos de populações de Phormidioideae (Oscillatoriales, Cyanobacteria)
Beneficiário:Mariéllen Dornelles Martins
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado