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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Polarimetric radar characteristics of storms with and without lightning activity

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Autor(es):
Mattos, Enrique V. ; Machado, Luiz A. T. ; Williams, Earle R. ; Albrecht, Rachel I.
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES; v. 121, n. 23, p. 14201-14220, DEC 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

This paper analyzes the cloud microphysics in different layers of storms as a function of three-dimensional total lightning density. A mobile X-band polarimetric radar and very high frequency (VHF) sources from Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) observations during the 2011/2012 Brazil spring-summer were used to determine the microphysical signatures of radar vertical profiles and lightning density. This study quantified the behavior of 5.3 million vertical profiles of the horizontal reflectivity (Z(H)), differential reflectivity (Z(DR)), specific differential phase (K-DP), and correlation coefficient (rho(HV)). The principal changes in the polarimetric variables occurred only for VHF source rate density greater than 14 VHF sources per km(2) in 4 min. These storms showed an enhanced positive K-DP in the mixed 1 layer (from 0 to - 15 degrees C) probably associated with supercooled liquid water signatures, whereas regions with negative ZDR and KDP and moderate ZH in the mixed 2 layer (from - 15 to - 40 degrees C) were possibly associated with the presence of conical graupel. The glaciated (above - 40 degrees C) and upper part of the mixed 2 layers showed a significant trend to negative K-DP with an increase in lightning density, in agreement with vertical alignment of ice particle by the cloud electric field. A conceptual model that presents the microphysical signatures in storms with and without lightning activity was constructed. The observations documented in this study provide an understanding of how the combinations of polarimetric variables could help to identify storms with different lightning density and vice versa. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/18217-0 - O impacto da microfísica de nuvens na eletrificação de tempestades
Beneficiário:Enrique Vieira Mattos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/15235-8 - Processos de nuvens associados aos principais sistemas precipitantes no Brasil: uma contribuição à modelagem da escala de nuvens e ao GPM (Medida Global de Precipitação)
Beneficiário:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático