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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Apolipoprotein CIII Overexpression-Induced Hypertriglyceridemia Increases Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Association with Inflammation and Cell Death

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Autor(es):
Paiva, Adriene A. ; Raposo, Helena F. ; Wanschel, Amarylis C. B. A. ; Nardelli, Tarlliza R. ; Oliveira, Helena C. F.
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY; 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the principal manifestation of liver disease in obesity and metabolic syndrome. By comparing hypertriglyceridemic transgenic mice expressing apolipoprotein (apo) CIII with control nontransgenic (NTg) littermates, we demonstrated that overexpression of apoCIII, independent of a high-fat diet (HFD), produces NAFLD-like features, including increased liver lipid content; decreased antioxidant power; increased expression of TNF alpha, TNF alpha receptor, cleaved caspase-1, and interleukin-1 beta; decreased expression of adiponectin receptor-2; and increased cell death. This phenotype is aggravated and additional NAFLD features are differentially induced in apoCIII mice fed a HFD. HFD induced glucose intolerance together with increased gluconeogenesis, indicating hepatic insulin resistance. Additionally, the HFD led to marked increases in plasma TNF alpha (8-fold) and IL-6 (60%) in apoCIII mice. Cell death signaling (Bax/Bcl2), effector (caspase-3), and apoptosis were augmented in apoCIII mice regardless of whether a HFD or a low-fat diet was provided. Fenofibrate treatment reversed several of the effects associated with diet and apoCIII expression but did not normalize inflammatory traits even when liver lipid content was fully corrected. These results indicate that apoCIII and/or hypertriglyceridemia plays a major role in liver inflammation and cell death, which in turn increases susceptibility to and the severity of diet-induced NAFLD. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07607-8 - CMPO - Centro Multidisciplinar de Pesquisa em Obesidade e Doenças Associadas
Beneficiário:Licio Augusto Velloso
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 11/50400-0 - Metabolismo energético, estado redox e funcionalidade mitocondrial na morte celular e em desordens cardiometabólicas e neurodegenerativas
Beneficiário:Aníbal Eugênio Vercesi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático