Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of fatty acid synthase inhibitors on lymphatic vessels: an in vitro and in vivo study in a melanoma model

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Bastos, Debora C. ; Paupert, Jenny ; Maillard, Catherine ; Seguin, Fabiana ; Carvalho, Marco A. ; Agostini, Michelle ; Coletta, Ricardo D. ; Noel, Agnes ; Graner, Edgard
Número total de Autores: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LABORATORY INVESTIGATION; v. 97, n. 2, p. 194-206, FEB 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is responsible for the endogenous production of fatty acids from acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA. Its overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in human cancers including melanomas. Our group has previously shown that the inhibition of FASN with orlistat reduces spontaneous lymphatic metastasis in experimental B16-F10 melanomas, which is a consequence, at least in part, of the reduction of proliferation and induction of apoptosis. Here, we sought to investigate the effects of pharmacological FASN inhibition on lymphatic vessels by using cell culture and mouse models. The effects of FASN inhibitors cerulenin and orlistat on the proliferation, apoptosis, and migration of human lymphatic endothelial cells (HDLEC) were evaluated with in vitro models. The lymphatic outgrowth was evaluated by using a murine ex vivo assay. B16-F10 melanomas and surgical wounds were produced in the ears of C57BI/6 and Balb-C mice, respectively, and their peripheral lymphatic vessels evaluated by fluorescent microlymphangiography. The secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor C and D (VEGF-C and-D) by melanoma cells was evaluated by ELISA and conditioned media used to study in vitro lymphangiogenesis. Here, we show that cerulenin and orlistat decrease the viability, proliferation, and migration of HDLEC cells. The volume of lymph node metastases from B16-F10 experimental melanomas was reduced by 39% in orlistat-treated animals as well as the expression of VEGF-C in these tissues. In addition, lymphatic vessels from orlistat-treated mice drained more efficiently the injected FITC-dextran. Orlistat and cerulenin reduced VEGF-C secretion and, increase production of VEGF-D by B16-F10 and SK-Mel-25 melanoma cells. Finally, reduced lymphatic cell extensions, were observed following the treatment with conditioned medium from cerulenin- and orlistat-treated B16-F10 cells. Altogether, our results show that FASN inhibitors have anti-metastatic effects by acting on lymphatic endothelium and melanoma cells regardless the increase of lymphatic permeability promoted by orlistat. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/51090-1 - Avaliação do papel biológico da enzima ácido graxo sintase (FASN) em células do endotélio linfático estimuladas por células malignas em cultura
Beneficiário:Débora Campanella Bastos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/55548-2 - Estudo do papel da enzima ácido graxo sintase (FASN) no processo metastático de carcinoma espinocelular em modelo murino
Beneficiário:Michelle Agostini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/50946-0 - Avaliacao do papel da enzima acido graxo (fasn) em celulas endoteliais de vasos sanguineos.
Beneficiário:Fabiana Seguin
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/20832-3 - Efeitos da associação de Orlistat com agentes quimioterápicos em carcinoma espinocelular de língua: estudo in vitro e em modelos ortotópicos
Beneficiário:Edgard Graner
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/58158-8 - Estudo das consequências do bloqueio da produção endógena de ácidos graxos sobre a expressão das integrinas em MMPs em modelo murino de melanoma
Beneficiário:Marco Antonio Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57471-7 - Análise da participação da produção endógena de ácidos graxos nos mecanismos de apoptose, metástase e vasculogênese em melanoma
Beneficiário:Edgard Graner
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático