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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

NATURALIZATION OF THE BODHI FIG TREE ( Ficus religiosa L. -Moraceae) IN BRAZIL

Autor(es):
Machado Vianna-Filho, Marcelo Dias ; Valka Alves, Ruy Jose ; Peng, Yan-Qiong ; Santinelo Pereira, Rodrigo Augusto
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOSCIENCE JOURNAL; v. 33, n. 1, p. 177-182, JAN-FEB 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Ficus religiosa L. is one of the most valued cultivated ornamental fig trees. Native to Asia, it is known as Bodhi tree. Since fig trees are involved in a highly species-specific pollination mutualism with agaonid wasps, exotic fig species usually fail to produce seeds due to the lack of the specific pollinating wasps. Since 2005 we have been observing plantlets of F. religiosa growing on buildings in Rio de Janeiro city, Brazil, showing that this species was hosting pollinating wasps and, consequently, undertaking sexual reproduction outside its native range. We observed that Platyscapa quadraticeps Mayr, 1885, the original pollinator in Asia, was occurring in figs of F. religiosa in Brazil. Considering that several non-pollinating fig wasp species are associated with F. religiosa in its native areas, novel occurrences of wasps may be reported in the future in Brazil. The presence of the native pollinator provides conditions for this exotic tree to become naturalized and/or invasive in Brazil, potentially causing considerable damage to buildings and urban trees. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/10299-4 - Efeitos da fragmentação florestal no funcionamento das populações de figueiras e no mutualismo ficus-vespas de figo
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Augusto Santinelo Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores