Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Assessment of soybean yield with altered water-related genetic improvement traits under climate change in Southern Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Battisti, Rafael ; Sentelhas, Paulo C. ; Boote, Kenneth J. ; Camara, Gil M. de S. ; Farias, Jose R. B. ; Basso, Claudir J.
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY; v. 83, n. SI, p. 1-14, FEB 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

Water deficit is a major factor responsible for soybean yield gap in Southern Brazil and tends to increase under climate change. An alternative to reduce such gap is to identify soybean cultivars with traits associated to drought tolerance. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess soybean adaptive traits to water deficit that can improve yield under current and future climates, providing guidelines for soybean cultivar breeding in Southern Brazil. The following soybean traits were manipulated in the CSM-CROPGRO-Soybean crop model: deeper root depth in the soil profile; maximum fraction of shoot dry matter diverted to root growth under water stress; early reduction of transpiration under mild stress; transpiration limited as a function of vapor pressure deficit; N-2 fixation drought tolerance; and sensitivity of grain filling period to water deficit. The yields were predicted for standard and altered traits using climate data for the current (1961-2014) and future (middle-century) scenarios. The traits with greater improvement in soybean yield were deeper rooting profile, with yield gains of approximate to 300 kg ha(-1), followed by transpiration limited as a function of vapor pressure deficit and less drought-induced shortening of the grain filling period. The maximum fraction of shoot dry matter diverted to root and N-2 fixation drought tolerance increased yield by less than 75 kg ha(-1), while early reduction of transpiration resulted in a small area of country showing gains. When these traits were combined, the simulations resulted in higher yield gains than using any single trait. These results show that traits associated with deeper and greater root profile in the soil, reducing transpiration under water deficit more than photosynthesis, creating tolerance of nitrogen fixation to drought, and reducing sensitivity of grain filling period to water deficit should be included in new soybean cultivars to improve soybean drought tolerance in Southern Brazil. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/05306-0 - Mudanças climáticas: impactos na produtividade e adaptações necessárias ao cultivo da soja na região Centro-Sul do Brasil
Beneficiário:Rafael Battisti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/09424-0 - Avaliação da produtividade com a alteração de parâmetros da cultura da soja para a adaptação às condições climáticas futuras no Centro-Sul do Brasil
Beneficiário:Rafael Battisti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado