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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The influence of aetiology on the benefits of exercise training in patients with heart failure

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Autor(es):
Antunes-Correa, Ligia M. ; Ueno-Pardi, Linda M. ; Trevizan, Patricia F. ; Santos, Marcelo R. ; da Silva, Carlos Henrique P. ; Franco, Fabio G. M. ; Alves, Maria Janieire N. N. ; Rondon, Maria Urbana P. B. ; Negrao, Carlos E.
Número total de Autores: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY; v. 24, n. 4, p. 365-372, MAR 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Background: Exercise training improves neurovascular control and functional capacity in heart failure (HF) patients. However, the influence of the aetiology on these benefits is unknown. We compared the effects of exercise training on neurovascular control and functional capacity in idiopathic, ischaemic and hypertensive HF patients. Design: Subjects consisted of 45 exercise-trained HF patients from our database (2000-2015), aged 40-70 years old, functional class II/ III and ejection fraction <= 40%, and they were divided into three groups: idiopathic (n = 11), ischaemic (n = 18) and hypertensive (n = 16). Methods: Functional capacity was determined by cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was recorded by microneurography. Forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured by venous occlusion plethysmography. Results: Four months of exercise training significantly reduced MSNA and significantly increased FBF in all groups. However, the relative reduction in MSNA was greater in hypertensive patients compared with that in idiopathic patients (frequency: -34% vs. -15%, p -0.01; incidence: -31% vs. -12%, p -0.02). No differences were found between hypertensive patients and ischaemic patients. The relative increase in FBF was greater in hypertensive patients than in ischaemic and idiopathic patients (42% vs. 15% and 17%, respectively, p = 0.02). The relative increase in forearm vascular conductance was greater in hypertensive patients compared with those in ischaemic and idiopathic patients (57% vs. 13% and 26%, respectively, p = 0.001). Exercise training significantly and similarly increased peak oxygen consumption in all groups. Conclusion: The exercise-induced improvement in neurovascular control is more pronounced in hypertensive HF patients than in idiopathic and ischaemic HF patients. The increase in functional capacity is independent of aetiology. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/10881-2 - Efeitos do treinamento físico sobre o controle neurovascular em pacientes portadores de insuficiência cardíaca crônica, com e sem apneia do sono associada a Respiração de Cheyne-Stokes
Beneficiário:Linda Massako Ueno Pardi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/15651-7 - Efeitos do treinamento físico aeróbio associado ao treinamento muscular inspiratório na miopatia esquelética em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca
Beneficiário:Lígia de Moraes Antunes Corrêa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/50048-1 - Bases celulares e funcionais do exercício físico na doença cardiovascular
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Negrão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático