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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Safety assessment of nanopesticides using the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans

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Autor(es):
Jacques, Mauricio T. ; Oliveira, Jhones L. ; Campos, Estefania V. R. ; Fraceto, Leonardo F. ; Avila, Daiana Silva
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY; v. 139, p. 245-253, MAY 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 18
Resumo

The extensive use of pesticides is causing environmental pollution, affecting animal organisms in different habitats and also leading human health at risk. In this study, we present as an alternative the use of nanoparticles loaded with pesticides and report their toxicological assessment to a soil organism, Caenorhabdilis elegans. Three nanopartide formulations were analyzed: solid lipid nanoparticles loaded or not with atrazine and simazine, SLN; polymeric nanopartides, NC\_PCL loaded with atrazine; and chitosan/tripolyphosphate, CS/TPP, loaded or not with paraquat. All formulations, loaded or not with pesticides, increased lethality in a dose-dependent manner with similar LC50. Both loaded and unloaded NC\_PCI. were the most toxic formulations to developmental rate, significantly reducing worms length, even at low concentrations. In contrast, both CS/ TPP nanopartides were the least toxic, not affecting reproduction and body length at higher concentrations, probably due to the biocompatibility of chitosan. The physico-chemical characterization of nanopartides after incubation in saline solution (used in exposure of organisms) has shown that these colloidal systems are stable and remain with the same initial characteristics, even in the presence of saline environment. Notably, our results indicate that the observed effects were caused by the nanoparticles per se. These results suggest that the development of nanoparticles aiming agriculture applications needs more studies in order to optimize the composition and then reduce their toxicity to non-target organisms. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/15617-9 - Repelentes botânicos e nanotecnologia: desenvolvimento de sistemas para controle de pragas em agricultura
Beneficiário:Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/20286-9 - Desenvolvimento de sistemas de liberação modificada à base de zeína e quitosana para repelentes botânicos visando o controle de mosca-branca (Bemisia tabaci) em diferentes culturas
Beneficiário:Jhones Luiz de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/20273-4 - Desenvolvimento de nanopartículas de quitosana-²-ciclodextrina para a liberação sustentada de carvacrol e linalol visando aplicações na agricultura
Beneficiário:Estefânia Vangelie Ramos Campos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado