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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Different forms and frequencies of soybean oil supplementation do not alter rumen fermentation in grazing heifers

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Santana, M. C. A. ; Fiorentini, G. ; Messana, J. D. ; Dian, P. H. M. ; Canesin, R. C. ; Reis, R. A. ; Berchielli, T. T.
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE; v. 57, n. 3, p. 530-538, 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Over the productive cycle, the performance of cattle in grazing systems may be compromised, and feed supplementation is a strategy to establish nutritional balance and maximise the performance of grazing animals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different supplementation frequencies (i.e. daily supplementation (DS) versus Monday, Wednesday and Friday (MWF)) with different forms of soybean oil (i.e. soybean grain (SG), soybean oil (SO) and rumen-protected fat (RPF)) on the nutrient digestion and rumen fermentation of heifers grazing Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu pastures. Twelve crossbred heifers (1/4 Nellore x 1/4 Santa Gertrudis x 1/2 Braunvieh) with an initial bodyweight of 236.3 +/- 27.6 kg were distributed in a completely randomised design with a factorial arrangement 3 x 2 (three diets and two supplementation frequencies). There was no interaction among the SO form or supplementation frequency on dry matter intake and dry matter digestibility (P > 0.05). The animals supplemented with SG exhibited lower nitrogen intake and absorption compared with animals that were fed SO (P < 0.05). The efficiency of microbial synthesis was not influenced by the diet or supplementation frequency (P > 0.05). Forms of SO affected the rumen pH; animals fed SO showed pH values similar to those of animals receiving SG but lower values than animals fed RPF (P < 0.05). Animals supplemented with DS exhibited higher levels of rumen ammonia nitrogen relative to those supplemented MWF. The reduction of supplementation frequency (from DS to MWF k) in our experimental conditions can be used to increase the efficiency of pasture utilisation without effects in fermentation activity of the rumen microbial population. Supplementation with SO is a strategy to increase propionic acid concentration and reduce A:P ratio, which is an indicator of improvement of the efficiency of the ruminal energy utilisation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/53733-4 - Avaliação de fontes lipídicas na terminação de novilhas mestiças em pastejo e confinamento
Beneficiário:Telma Teresinha Berchielli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/02418-2 - Estudo meta-analítico das respostas da adição de fontes lipídicas na qualidade da carne de bovinos de corte terminados em pasto ou confinamento
Beneficiário:Giovani Fiorentini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/09033-1 - Meta-análise dos efeitos de dietas com lipídios, glicerina e da associação de ambos na fermentação ruminal e eficiência alimentar de bovinos de corte em pasto ou confinamento
Beneficiário:Juliana Duarte Messana
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado