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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of Bothrops atrox venom and two isolated toxins on the human complement system: Modulation of pathways and generation of anaphylatoxins

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Autor(es):
Menaldo, Danilo L. ; Bernardes, Carolina P. ; Jacob-Ferreira, Anna L. ; Nogueira-Santos, Cintia G. ; Casare-Ogasawara, Tania M. ; Pereira-Crott, Luciana S. ; Sampaio, Suely V.
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Molecular Immunology; v. 80, p. 91-100, DEC 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The complement system plays important biological roles, including the activation of inflammatory processes in response to the generation of proteolytic fragments of its components. Here we evaluated the effects of Bothrops atrox venom and two of its toxins (the P-I metalloprotease Batroxase and the acidic phospholipase A(2) BatroxPLA(2)) on the human complement system, evaluating their effects on the classical (CP), lectin (LP) and alternative (AP) pathways, as well as on different complement components associated to the generation of anaphylatoxins. Primarily, the venom and both toxins modulated the hemolytic activity of the complement CP, with the venom and Batroxase reducing this activity and BatroxPLA(2) increasing it. ELISA deposition assays indicated that B. atrox venom and Batroxase were also capable of modulating all three activation pathways (CP, LP and AP), reducing their activity after incubation with normal human serum (NHS), while BatroxPLA(2) apparently only interfered with AP. Additionally, the venom and Batroxase, but not BatroxPLA(2), promoted significant degradation of the components C-3, C-4, Factor B and Cl-Inhibitor, as shown by Western blot and SDS-PAGE analyses, also generating anaphylatoxins C3a, C4a and C5a. Therefore, B. atrox venom and Batroxase were able to activate the complement system by direct proteolytic action on several components, generating anaphylatoxins and affecting the activation pathways, while BatroxPLA(2) only interfered with the hemolysis induced by CP and the C3 deposition related to AP. Our results indicate that Batroxase and possibly other metalloproteases should be the main toxins in B. atrox venom to induce pronounced effects on the complement system. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23236-4 - Toxinas animais nativas e recombinantes: análise funcional, estrutural e molecular
Beneficiário:Suely Vilela
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/11963-1 - Avaliação dos efeitos de uma metaloprotease e uma Fosfolipase A2 ácida da peçonha de Bothrops atrox sobre o sistema complemento e o processo inflamatório
Beneficiário:Danilo Luccas Menaldo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado