Akras, S. ; Ramirez Velez, J. C. ; Nanouris, N. ; Ramos-Larios, G. ; Lopez, J. M. ; Hiriart, D. ; Panoglou, D.
Número total de Autores: 7
|Tipo de documento:||Artigo Científico|
|Fonte:||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; v. 466, n. 3, p. 2948-2982, APR 2017.|
|Citações Web of Science:||4|
We present new optical broad- band (UBVRI) aperture polarimetric observations of 53 postasymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars selected to exhibit a large near- infrared excess. 24 out of the 53 stars (45 per cent of our sample) are presented for the first time. A statistical analysis shows four distinctive groups of polarized post- AGB stars: unpolarized or very lowly polarized (degree of polarization or DoP < 1 per cent), lowly polarized (1 per cent < DoP < 4 per cent), moderately polarized (4 per cent< DoP< 8 per cent) and highly polarized (DoP> 8 per cent). 23 out of the 53 (66 per cent) belong to the first group, 10 (19 per cent) to the second, five (9 per cent) to the third and only three (6 per cent) to the last group. Approximately 34 per cent of our sample was found to be unpolarized objects, which is close to the percentage of round planetary nebulae. On average, the low and moderate groups show a wavelength- dependent polarization that increases towards shorter wavelengths, implying an intrinsic origin of the polarization, which signifies a Rayleigh- like scattering spectrum typical for non- symmetrical envelopes composed principally of small dust grains. The moderately polarized stars exhibit higher K -W3 andW1 - W3 colour indices compared with the group of lowly polarized stars, suggesting a possible relation between DoP and mass- loss rate. Moreover, they are found to be systematically colder (redder in B - V), which may be associated with the condensation process close to these stars that results in a higher degree of polarization. We also provide evidence that multiple scattering in optically thin polar outflows is the mechanism that gives high DoP in post- AGB stars with bipolar or multi- polar envelopes. (AU)
|Processo FAPESP:||13/16801-2 - Modelagem da formação e evolução de discos estelares gasosos de acreção e decreção|
|Linha de fomento:||Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado|