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Pleistocene climate changes shaped the population structure of Partamona seridoensis (Apidae, Meliponini), an endemic stingless bee from the Neotropical dry forest

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Miranda, Elder Assis ; Ferreira, Katie Maria ; Carvalho, Airton Torres ; Martins, Celso Feitosa ; Fernandes, Carlo Rivero ; Del Lama, Marco Antonio
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 12, n. 4 APR 14 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 5

Partamona seridoensis is an endemic stingless bee from the Caatinga, a Neotropical dry forest in northeastern Brazil. Like other stingless bees, this species plays an important ecological role as a pollinator. The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic structure and evolutionary history of P. seridoensis across its current geographic range. Workers from 84 nests from 17 localities were analyzed for COI and Cytb genic regions. The population structure tests (Bayesian phylogenetic inference, AMOVA and haplotype network) consistently characterized two haplogroups (northwestern and eastern), with little gene flow between them, generating a high differentiation between them as well as among the populations within each haplogroup. The Mantel test revealed no isolation by distance. No evidence of a potential geographic barrier in the present that could explain the diversification between the P. seridoensis haplogroups was found. However, Pleistocene climatic changes may explain this differentiation, since the initial time for the P. seridoensis lineages diversification took place during the mid-Pleistocene, specifically the interglacial period, when the biota is presumed to have been more associated with dry conditions and had more restricted, fragmented geographical distribution. This event may have driven diversification by isolating the two haplogroups. Otherwise, the climatic changes in the late Pleistocene must not have drastically affected the population dynamics of P. seridoensis, since the Bayesian Skyline Plot did not reveal any substantial fluctuation in effective population size in either haplogroup. Considering its importance and the fact that it is an endemic bee from a very threatened Neotropical dry forest, the results herein could be useful to the development of conservation strategies for P. seridoensis. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/21501-2 - Genética das populações de abelhas e o vortex de extinção dos himenópteros
Beneficiário:Marco Antonio Del Lama
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/23342-1 - Colonização e dispersão em sítios de ocorrência e a genética das populações de Partamona rustica (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini)
Beneficiário:Elder Assis Miranda
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado