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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Diploid Male Production Results in Queen Death in the Stingless Bee Scaptotrigona depilis

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Autor(es):
Vollet-Neto, Ayrton ; Oliveira, Ricardo C. ; Schillewaert, Sharon ; Alves, Denise A. ; Wenseleers, Tom ; Nascimento, Fabio S. ; Imperatriz-Fonseca, Vera L. ; Ratnieks, Francis L. W.
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Chemical Ecology; v. 43, n. 4, p. 403-410, APR 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

As in most Hymenoptera, the eusocial stingless bees (Meliponini) have a complementary sex determination (CSD) system. When a queen makes a ``matched mating{''} with a male that shares a CSD allele with her, half of their diploid offspring are diploid males rather than females. Matched mating imposes a cost, since diploid male production reduces the colony workforce. Hence, adaptations preventing the occurrence or attenuating its effects are likely to arise. Here we provide clear evidence that in the stingless bee Scaptotrigona depilis, the emergence of diploid males induces queen death, and this usually occurs within 10-20 days of the emergence of diploid male offspring from their pupae. Queens that have not made a matched mating die when introduced into a colony in which diploid males are emerging. This shows that the adult diploid males, and not the queen that has made a matched mating herself, are the proximate cause of queen death. Analysis of the cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of adult haploid and diploid males shows six compounds with significant differences. Moreover, the diploid and haploid males only acquire distinct cuticular hydrocarbon profiles 10 days after emergence. Our data shows that the timing of queen death occurs when the cuticular hydrocarbons of haploid and diploid males differ significantly, suggesting that these chemical differences could be used as cues or signals to trigger queen death. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/25301-9 - Avaliação dos mecanismos exógenos e endógenos que influenciam a variabilidade dos hidrocarbonetos cuticulares em insetos sociais neotropicais
Beneficiário:Fábio Santos do Nascimento
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/11144-0 - Evolução dos sistemas de acasalamento em abelhas sem ferrão (Apidae, Meliponini)
Beneficiário:Ayrton Vollet Neto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado