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Environmental influence on population dynamics of the bivalve Anomalocardia brasiliana

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Corte, Guilherme Nascimento ; Coleman, Ross A. ; Amaral, A. Cecilia Z.
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE; v. 187, p. 241-248, MAR 5 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 2

Understanding how species respond to the environment in terms of population attributes (e.g. abundance, growth, mortality, fecundity, and productivity) is essential to protect ecologically and economically important species. Nevertheless, responses of macrobenthic populations to environmental features are overlooked due to the need of consecutive samplings and time-consuming measurements. We examined the population dynamics of the filter-feeding bivalve Anomalocardia brasiliana on a tidal flat over the course of one year to investigate the hypothesis that, as accepted for macrobenthic communities, populations inhabiting environments with low hydrodynamic conditions such as tidal flat should have higher attributes than populations inhabiting more energetic habitats (i.e. areas more influenced by wave energy such as reflective and intermediate beaches). This would be expected because the harsh conditions of more energetic habitats force organisms to divert more energy towards maintenance, resulting in lower population attributes. We found that A. brasiliana showed moderate growth and secondary production at the study area. Moreover the recruitment period was restricted to a few months. A comparison with previous studies showed that, contrary to expected, A. brasiliana populations from areas with low hydrodynamic conditions have lower abundance, growth, recruitment and turnover rate. It is likely that morphodynamic characteristics recorded in these environments, such as larger periods of air exposure and lower water circulation, may affect food conditions for filter-feeding species and increase competition. In addition, these characteristics may negatively affect macrobenthic species by enhancing eutrophication processes and anoxia. Overall, our results suggest that models accepted and applied at the macrobenthic community level might not be directly extended to A. brasiliana populations. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/52392-1 - Biologia populacional e reprodutiva de Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791) (Bivalvia: Veneridae)
Beneficiário:Guilherme Nascimento Corte
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado