Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Studies on bacterial community composition are affected by the time and storage method of the rumen content

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Granja-Salcedo, Yury Tatiana ; Ramirez-Uscategui, Ricardo Andres ; Guillermo Machado, Elwi ; Messana, Juliana Duarte ; Kishi, Luciano Takeshi ; Lino Dias, Ana Veronica ; Berchielli, Telma Teresinha
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 12, n. 4 APR 28 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

The objective of this study was to investigate three storage methods and four storage times for rumen sampling in terms of quality and yield of extracted metagenomic DNA as well as the composition of the rumen bacterial community. One Nellore steer fitted with a ruminal silicone- type cannula was used as a donor of ruminal contents. The experiment comprised 11 experimental groups: pellet control (PC), lyophilized control (LC), P-20: pellet stored frozen at -20 degrees C for a period of 3, 6, and 12 months, P-80: pellet stored frozen at -80 E C for a period of 3, 6, and 12 months, and L-20: lyophilized sample stored frozen at -20 E C for a period of 3, 6, and 12 months. Metagenomic DNA concentrations were measured spectrophotometrically and fluorometrically and ion torrent sequencing was used to assess the bacterial community composition. The L-20 method could not maintain the yield of DNA during storage. In addition, the P-80 group showed a greater yield of metagenomic DNA than the other groups after 6 months of storage. Rumen samples stored as pellets (P-20 and P-80) resulted in lower richness Chao 1, ACE, and Shannon Wiener indices when compared to PC, while LC and PC were only different in richness ACE. The storage method and storage time influenced the proportions of 14 of 17 phyla identified by sequencing. In the P-20 group, the proportion of Cyanobacteria, Elusimicrobia, Fibrobacteres, Lentisphaerae, Proteobacteria, and Spirochaetes phyla identified was lower than 1%. In the P-80 group, there was an increase in the proportion of the Bacteroidetes phylum (p = 0.010); however, the proportion of Actino-bacteria, Chloroflexi, SR1, Synergistetes, TM7, and WPS. 2 phyla were unchanged compared to the PC group (p > 0.05). The class Clostridium was the most abundant in all stored groups and increased in its proportion, especially in the L-20 group. The rumen sample storage time significantly reduced the yield of metagenomic DNA extracted. Therefore, the storage method can influence the abundance of phyla, classes, and bacterial families studied in rumen samples and affect the richness and diversity index. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/23851-6 - Métodos de extração de DNA para o estudo da população microbiana ruminal em bovinos alimentados com glicerina associado ao óleo
Beneficiário:Yury Tatiana Granja Salcedo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/17966-0 - Uso de técnicas moleculares o estudo dos ecossistemas microbianos ruminais
Beneficiário:Yury Tatiana Granja Salcedo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado