Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A Metagenomic Approach to Cyanobacterial Genomics

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Alvarenga, Danillo O. ; Fiore, Marli F. ; Varani, Alessandro M.
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY; v. 8, MAY 9 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

Cyanobacteria, or oxyphotobacteria, are primary producers that establish ecological interactions with a wide variety of organisms. Although their associations with eukaryotes have received most attention, interactions with bacterial and archaeal symbionts have also been occurring for billions of years. Due to these associations, obtaining axenic cultures of cyanobacteria is usually difficult, and most isolation efforts result in unicyanobacterial cultures containing a number of associated microbes, hence composing a microbial consortium. With rising numbers of cyanobacterial blooms due to climate change, demand for genomic evaluations of these microorganisms is increasing. However, standard genomic techniques call for the sequencing of axenic cultures, an approach that not only adds months or even years for culture purification, but also appears to be impossible for some cyanobacteria, which is reflected in the relatively low number of publicly available genomic sequences of this phylum. Under the framework of metagenomics, on the other hand, cumbersome techniques for achieving axenic growth can be circumvented and individual genomes can be successfully obtained from microbial consortia. This review focuses on approaches for the genomic and metagenomic assessment of non-axenic cyanobacterial cultures that bypass requirements for axenity. These methods enable researchers to achieve faster and less costly genomic characterizations of cyanobacterial strains and raise additional information about their associated microorganisms. While non-axenic cultures may have been previously frowned upon in cyanobacteriology, latest advancements in metagenomics have provided new possibilities for in vitro studies of oxyphotobacteria, renewing the value of microbial consortia as a reliable and functional resource for the rapid assessment of bloom-forming cyanobacteria. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/14600-5 - Genômica comparativa de isolados de Brasilonema (Cyanobacteria, Scytonemataceae) para identificação de genes relacionados à infecção de folhas de Eucalyptus grandis
Beneficiário:Danillo Oliveira de Alvarenga
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/50425-8 - Biodiversity of cyanobacteria and their bioactive compounds from under-explored Brazilian habitats
Beneficiário:Marli de Fátima Fiore
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/08092-6 - Sequenciamento do genoma da cianobactéria Nostoc sp. CENA67 e anotação de genes do metabolismo secundário
Beneficiário:Danillo Oliveira de Alvarenga
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado