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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Is the maximum reproductive rate of Centris analis (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Centridini) associated with floral resource availability?

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Autor(es):
da Silva, Claudia Ines ; Hirotsu, Carolina Mayumi ; Pacheco Filho, Alipio Jose de Suza ; Queiroz, Elisa Pereira ; Garofalo, Carlos Alberto
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ARTHROPOD-PLANT INTERACTIONS; v. 11, n. 3, SI, p. 389-402, JUN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Spatiotemporal variation in the availability of food resources may be a determining factor for reproductive success and maintenance of bees, but the extent of these variations is poorly understood. For management and conservation of bees, the first step is to know the behavior and the food resources used. Currently, urban areas are considered refuge zones for bees, and understanding the availability of floral resources and the influence on reproductive processes is very important for management of bees. We used the protocols applied in phenological studies with bees and plant species to evaluate both throughout the year in an urbanized area. At the same time, we used palynology protocols to analyze the pollen material collected from brood cells (food and feces) of immature Centris analis. These protocols allowed to evaluate the availability of floral resources in the studied area and the plant species effectively used by C. analis females to feed immature larvae during the reproductive period. The maximum reproductive period of C. analis was not associated with the highest floral resources availability. However, there was a strong selectivity of pollen in flowers of Malpighia emarginata (Malpighiaceae), which represented more than 59% of all the pollen grains provisioned throughout the year. This means that in the case of more specialized bees like C. analis, the availability of the preferred plants is more important than the overall floral resource availability in the area. Thus, to keep C. analis in the city, it is necessary to maintain or introduce Malpighiaceae species in the urban planning. On the other hand, at least 27% of the plant species found in the study area are pollinated by C. analis, emphasizing the importance of preserving this bee. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/10285-4 - Uso sustentado e conservação de abelhas como polinizadoras no Brasil: a utilização dos grãos de pólen como fonte de informações ecológicas
Beneficiário:Carlos Alberto Garofalo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular