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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Can Partial Cultivation of Only The Sugarcane Row Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions in an Oxisol and Ultisol?

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Autor(es):
de Souza, Luma Castro ; Fernandes, Carolina ; Santos Nogueira, Deise Cristina ; Moitinho, Mara Regina ; Bicalho, Elton da Silva ; La Scala, Jr., Newton
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AGRONOMY JOURNAL; v. 109, n. 3, p. 1113-1121, MAY-JUN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

The objective was to determine the influence of partial cultivation of only the crop row on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in an Oxisol and Ultisol. The experimental design was a large paired-plot design with treatments consisting of targeted chiseling to only the planting row to chiseling the whole field. Soil CO2 emissions, soil temperature, and soil moisture were measured daily for 12 d aft er tillage. In the Oxisol, CO2 emissions were higher on the second day aft er tillage and then decreased until Day 6. When analyzing the effect of tillage, chiseling in the planting row (CPR) showed, in general, lower CO2 emissions (2.54 mu mol m(-2) s(-1)) when compared to chiseling in total area (CTA) (3.32 mu mol m(-2) s(-1)), regardless of the day aft er tillage. However, the linear regression analysis between soil CO2 emissions and soil moisture in the Ultisol was signifi cant for CPR (R-2 = 0.79, p < 0.01) and CTA (R-2 = 0.58, p < 0.01). Total soil CO2 emissions were higher in the Oxisol for both tillage systems (CPR = 1020.9 kg CO2 ha(-1) and CTA = 1336.3 kg CO2 ha(-1)) than the Ultisol (CPR = 587.0 kg CO2 ha(-1) and CTA = 649.3 kg CO2 ha(-1)). These results indicate that soil tillage by using CPR favors a lower soil CO2 emission to the atmosphere and contributes to a reduction in soil degradation when cultivated with sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/14490-2 - Sistemas de preparo do solo para o plantio da cana-de-açúcar, visando à melhoria da capacidade produtiva do solo com redução do impacto ambiental decorrente da operação agrícola
Beneficiário:Carolina Fernandes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular