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NOD-Like Receptor P3 Inflammasome Controls Protective Th1/Th17 Immunity against Pulmonary Paracoccidioidomycosis

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Feriotti, Claudia ; de Araujo, Eliseu Frank ; Loures, Flavio Vieira ; da Costa, Tania Alves ; de Lima Galdino, Nayane Alves ; Zamboni, Dario Simoes ; Garcia Calich, Vera Lucia
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY; v. 8, JUL 10 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 14

The NOD-like receptor P3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is an intracellular multimeric complex that triggers the activation of inflammatory caspases and the maturation of IL-1 beta and IL-18, important cytokines for the innate immune response against pathogens. The functional NLRP3 inflammasome complex consists of NLRP3, the adaptor protein apoptosis-associated speck-like protein, and caspase-1. Various molecular mechanisms were associated with NLRP3 activation including the presence of extracellular ATP, recognized by the cell surface P2X7 receptor (P2X7R). Several pattern recognition receptors on innate immune cells recognize Paracoccidioides brasiliensis components resulting in diverse responses that influence adaptive immunity and disease outcome. However, the role of NLRP3 inflammasome was scantily investigated in pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), leading us to use an intratracheal (i.t.) model of infection to study the influence of this receptor in anti-fungal immunity and severity of infection. For in vivo studies, C57BL/6 mice deficient for several NLRP3 inflammasome components (Nlrp3(-/-), Casp1/11(-/-), Asc(-/-)) as well as deficient for ATP receptor (P2x7r(-/-)) were infected via i. t. with P. brasiliensis and several parameters of immunity and disease severity analyzed at the acute and chronic periods of infection. Pulmonary PCM was more severe in Nlrp3(-/-), Casp1/11(-/-), Asc(-/-), and P2x7r(-/-) mice as demonstrated by the increased fungal burdens, mortality rates and tissue pathology developed. The more severe disease developed by NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1/11 deficient mice was associated with decreased production of IL-1 beta and IL-18 and reduced inflammatory reactions mediated by PMN leukocytes and activated CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. The decreased T cell immunity was concomitant with increased expansion of CD4(+) CD25(+) Foxp3 regulatory T (Treg) cells. Characterization of intracellular cytokines showed a persistent reduction of CD4(+) and CD8(+)T cells expressing IFN-gamma and IL-17 whereas those producing IL-4 and TGF-beta appeared in increased frequencies. Histopathological studies showed that all deficient mouse strains developed more severe lesions containing elevated numbers of budding yeast cells resulting in increased mortality rates. Altogether, these findings led us to conclude that the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome has a crucial role in the immunoprotection against pulmonary PCM by promoting the expansion of Th1/Th17 immunity and reducing the suppressive control mediated by Treg cells. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/02396-9 - O papel do inflamassoma NLRP3 na paracoccidioidomicose pulmonar
Beneficiário:Claudia Feriotti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/23536-3 - O papel do inflamassoma NALP3 na paracoccidioidomicose pulmonar
Beneficiário:Vera Lucia Garcia Calich
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular