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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Transmission dynamics and control of Rickettsia rickettsii in populations of Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris and Amblyomma sculptum

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Autor(es):
Polo, Gina ; Acosta, Carlos Mera ; Labruna, Marcelo B. ; Ferreira, Fernando
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; v. 11, n. 6 JUN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Background Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF), caused by the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii, is the tickborne disease that generates the largest number of human deaths in the world. In Brazil, the current increase of BSF human cases has been associated with the presence and expansion of capybaras Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris, which act as primary hosts for the tick Amblyomma sculptum, vector of the R. rickettsii in this area. Methods We proposed a semi-discrete-time stochastic model to evaluate the role of capybaras in the transmission dynamics of R. rickettsii. Through a sensitivity analysis, we identified the parameters with significant influence on the R. rickettsii establishment. Afterward, we implemented the Gillespie's algorithm to simulate the impact of potential public health interventions to prevent BSF human cases. Results The introduction of a single infected capybara with at least one infected attached tick is enough to trigger the disease in a non-endemic area. We found that to avoid the formation of new BSF-endemic areas, it is crucial to impede the emigration of capybaras from endemic areas by reducing their birth rate by more than 58%. Model results were corroborated by exsitu data generated from field studies, and this supports our proposal to prevent BSF human cases by implementing control strategies focused on capybaras. Conclusion The proposed stochastic model illustrates how strategies for the control and prevention of vector-borne infectious diseases can be focused on amplifier hosts management practices. This work provides a basis for future prevention strategies for other neglected vector-borne diseases. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/18046-7 - Capivaras, carrapatos e febre maculosa
Beneficiário:Marcelo Bahia Labruna
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/12213-1 - Modelagem e simulação estocástica para o estudo da dinâmica de Rickettsia rickettsii em populações de Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris e de Amblyomma cajennense no estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Gina Paola Polo Infante
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado