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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The executive profile of children with Benign Epilepsy of Childhood with Centrotemporal Spikes and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

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Autor(es):
Lima, Ellen M. ; Rzezak, Patricia ; Guimaraes, Catarina A. ; Montenegro, Maria A. ; Guerreiro, Marilisa M. ; Valente, Kette D.
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Epilepsy & Behavior; v. 72, p. 173-177, JUL 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Rationale: Benign Epilepsy of Childhood with Centrotemporal Spikes (BECTS) and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) represent two distinct models of focal epilepsy of childhood. In both, there is evidence of executive dysfunction. The purpose of the present study was to identify particular deficits in the executive function that would distinguish children with BECTS from children with TLE. Methods: We prospectively evaluated 19 consecutive children and adolescents with TLE with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) (57.9% male; mean 11.74 years {[}SD 2.05]; mean IQ 95.21 {[}SD 15.09]), 19with BECTS (36.8% male; mean 10.95 years {[}SD 2.33]; mean IQ 107.40 {[}SD 16.01]), and 21 age and gender-matched controls (33.3% male; mean 11.86 years {[}SD 2.25]; mean IQ 108.67 {[}15.05]). All participants underwent a neuropsychological assessment with a comprehensive battery for executive and attentional functions. We used ANOVA and chi-square to evaluate differences on demographic aspects among groups (BECTS, TLE-HS, and control groups). Group comparisons on continuous variables were complemented by MANOVA and Bonferroni posthoc comparisons. Results: Patients with BECTS had worse performance than controls in: Matching Familiar Figures Test, time (p = 0.001); Matching Familiar Figures Test, time x errors index (p < 0.001); Verbal Fluency for foods (p = 0.038); Trail Making Test, part B time (p = 0.030); Trail Making Test, part B number of errors (p = 0.030); and WCST, number of categories achieved (p = 0.043). Patients with BECTS had worse performance than patients with TLE-HS on Matching Familiar Figures Test, time (p = 0.004), and Matching Familiar Figures Test, time x errors index (p < 0.001). Patients with TLE-HS had worse performance than controls on the following tests: Verbal Fluency for foods (p = 0.004); Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the number of categories achieved (p < 0.001); and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the number of perseverative errors (p = 0.028). Patients with TLE-HS had worse performance than patients with BECTS on Digit Backward (p = 0.002); and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the number of perseverative errors (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients with TLE and BECTS present distinct cognitive profiles. Patients with TLE-HS had worse performance in mental flexibility, concept formation, and working memory compared to BECTS. Patients with BECTS had worse inhibitory control compared to children with TLE-HS. Both TLE-HS and BECTS had a higher number of errors on an inhibitory control test. However, patients with BECTS had a slower mental processing even when compared to patients with TLE-HS. Rehabilitation programs for children with epilepsy must include children with benign epilepsies and must take into account the epileptic syndrome and its particular neurocognitive phenotype. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/11361-4 - Estudo de associação entre polimorfismos de genes da via serotoninérgica e epilepsia do lobo temporal causada por esclerose hipocampal
Beneficiário:Kette Dualibi Ramos Valente
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/02796-2 - Epilepsia Benigna da Infância com Paroxismos Centrotemporais - Delineamento do Perfil Executivo
Beneficiário:Ellen Marise Lima
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado