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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nitrogen budget in integrated aquaculture systems with Nile tilapia and Amazon River prawn

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Autor(es):
David, Fernanda S. ; Proenca, Danilo C. ; Valenti, Wagner C.
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AQUACULTURE INTERNATIONAL; v. 25, n. 5, p. 1733-1746, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

The present work aims to describe the nitrogen (N) budget in integrated aquaculture systems with Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and Amazon River prawn (Macrobrachium amazonicum) in earthen ponds, with and without the addition of different substrates. The experimental design was completely randomized, with three treatments (without a substrate, with a geotextile fabric substrate, and with a bamboo substrate) and four replications. Diet was the major input of N in the systems, ranging from similar to 65 to 71% and followed by inlet water (similar to 26-31%). The portion retained in reared animals and periphyton ranged from similar to 21 to 25% (being similar to 21-24% in fish and prawns). The outputs that contributed most to the accumulation and release of N were, respectively, sediment (similar to 24-38%) and N2 (similar to 30-36%) emitted to the atmosphere. The addition of substrates did not improve the accumulation of nitrogen in the biomass of the target species. This suggests that the periphyton had a minor role on feed availability. In general, the systems were not efficient in using nitrogen since only similar to 22% of all available nitrogen was retained into prawn and tilapia biomass. On the other hand, the emission of N-2 (an inert gas) to the atmosphere almost compensated the nitrogen supplied in the diet that was not assimilated by the reared animals and periphyton. In addition, data suggest that the integrated aquaculture in stagnant ponds may sequester substantial amounts of nitrogen from nutrient-rich aquatic environments and could be used as a mitigation tool. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/18593-5 - Balanço de carbono, nitrogênio e fósforo em sistema multiespacial e multitrófico de cultivo de tilápia do-nilo e camarão-da-amazônia
Beneficiário:Fernanda Seles David
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado