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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Influence of estrous cycle hormonal fluctuations and gonadal hormones on the ventilatory response to hypoxia in female rats

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Autor(es):
Marques, Danuzia A. ; de Carvalho, Debora ; da Silva, Glauber S. F. ; Szawka, Raphael E. ; Anselmo-Franci, Janete A. ; Bicego, Kenia C. ; Gargaglioni, Luciane H.
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PFLUGERS ARCHIV-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY; v. 469, n. 10, p. 1277-1286, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Sex hormones may influence many physiological processes. Recently, we demonstrated that hormonal fluctuations of cycling female rats do not affect respiratory parameters during hypercapnia. However, it is still unclear whether sex hormones and hormonal fluctuations that occur during the estrous cycle can affect breathing during a hypoxic challenge. Our study aimed to evaluate respiratory, metabolic, and thermal responses to hypoxia in female rats on different days of the estrous cycle (proestrus, estrus, metestrus, and diestrus) and in ovariectomized rats that received replacement with oil (OVX), estradiol (OVX + E-2), or a combination of estradiol and progesterone (OVX + E2P). Ventilation (V (E)), tidal volume (V (T)), respiratory frequency (fR), oxygen consumption (VO2), and V (E)/VO2 were not different during the estrous cycle in normoxia or hypoxia. Body temperature (Tb) was higher during estrus, but decreased similarly in all groups during hypoxia. Compared with intact females in estrus, gonadectomized rats also had lower Tb in normoxia, but not in hypoxia. OVX rats experienced a significant drop in the ventilatory response to hypoxia, but hormonal replacement did not restore values to the levels of an intact animal. Our data demonstrate that the different phases of the estrous cycle do not alter ventilation during normoxia and hypoxia, but OVX animals display lower ventilatory responses to hypoxia compared with ovary-intact rats. Because estradiol and progesterone replacement did not cause significant differences in ventilation, our findings suggest that a yet-to-be-defined non-steroidal ovarian hormone is likely to stimulate the ventilatory responses to hypoxia in females. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/17606-9 - Serotonina e controle respiratório em vertebrados
Beneficiário:Glauber dos Santos Ferreira da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 14/12190-1 - Serotonina e controle respiratório em vertebrados
Beneficiário:Glauber dos Santos Ferreira da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 12/19966-0 - Padrão cardiorrespiratório e ciclo sono-vigília de ratos e ratas expostos à fluoxetina durante o período prenatal
Beneficiário:Luciane Helena Gargaglioni Batalhão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/04276-9 - Influência dos hormônios sexuais nas respostas ventilatórias, termorreguladoras e na concentração de monoaminas de ratos e ratas
Beneficiário:Danuzia Ambrozio Marques
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado